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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王筱蓉(2010)。2002年台灣全民健保氣喘病患之中醫醫療利用。未出版碩士論文,中國醫藥大學中醫學系,台中市。
  2. 吳淑瓊、楊志良、吳新英(1982)。影響傷病發生與醫療行為之多變數分析研究。中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌,1,35-45。
  3. 李丞華、周穎政、陳龍生、張鴻仁(2004)。全民健保中醫門診利用率及其影響因素。台灣公共衛生雜誌,23(2),100-107。
  4. 邱清華、陳金生、陳太羲、賀步甲(1990)。台灣地區中醫醫療狀況及需求之調查研究。臺北:行政院經濟建設委員會七十九年委託研究計畫。
  5. 洪錦墩、郭慈安、李卓倫、陳文意、黃光華、施雅文(2010) 。老年人於全民健康保險中醫門診醫療服務之利用分析。臺灣老人保健學刊,6(2),136-157。
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