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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1.  宋明順,1992,休閒與工作-大眾休閒時代的衝擊,國立台灣師範大學社會教育系社會教育學刊,第21卷,1-19頁。
  2.  辛晚教,1990,休閒、教育、人生,中華民國戶外遊憩學會,第3期第1卷,13-16頁。
  3.  姚開屏,2000,簡介與評論常用的一般性健康相關生活品質量表兼談對未來的研究建議,中國測驗學會測驗年刊,第47卷2期,111-138頁。
  4.  曾旭民、盧瑞芬、蔡益堅,2003,國人生活品質評量(ІІ):SF-36台灣版的發展及心理計量特質分析,台灣公共衛生雜誌,第22期第6卷,512-518頁。
  5.  魯真、姜世英,2003 ,液態乳之消費結構及產品屬性之消費者認知研究,農業經濟半年刊,第73卷第1期,3-4頁。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾毓恩(2008)。騎乘自行車專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-100。
  2. 張毓芳(2009)。流行音樂欣賞者專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-111。
  3. 林奇峰(2009)。烏龍茶飲用者專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-100。
  4. 何茂欣(2010)。羽球運動參與者專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-106。
  5. 陳思羽(2010)。國小兒童慢跑運動專業化程度、健康自評與體適能之探討。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-118。
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