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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中央健康保險局(1996):全民健康保險法。
  2. 內政部社會司 (2004):低收入戶生活狀況調查摘要分析。
  3. 王永慈(2003):台灣的貧窮問題:相關研究的檢視。臺大社工學刊,10:1-5。
  4. 行政院衛生署 (2005):衛生統計動向 <93年>。
  5. 呂朝賢(1995):貧窮的性別與婚姻屬性差異。婦女與兩性學刊,6:25-45。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 侯毓昌(2016)。中醫利用對中風病人預後之影響。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-130。 
  2. 徐麗滿(2009)。欠繳健保費之民眾申辦協助措施前後醫療利用情形及相關因素-以健保局台北分局為例。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-125。 
  3. 于家偉(2009)。全民健康保險門診高利用者型態之研究。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-111。
  4. 陳世昕(2016)。台灣地區影響精神疾病盛行率之因素分析。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2016。1-71。
  5. 李孟臻(2017)。探索台灣民眾精神疾病種類之死亡風險及醫療成本。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-152。
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