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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曉磊(2008)。廁所兩性使用人數比例參考基準職之建立-以大學系所院館建築為例。中華民國建築協會「建築學報」64,49-66。
  2. 李宛澍譯寫(1996)。Greed, C. H.(1995). Public toilet provision for women in Britain: An investigation of discrimination against urination. Women’s Studies InternationalForum,18(5/6),573-584。
  3. 畢恆達(2004)。空間就是性別。台北:心靈工坊。
  4. 陳佑任(1995)。臺灣地區公廁設施之調查及改善研究。高雄醫學院碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
  5. 黃寬助(2006)。公共廁所環境整潔績效評估之研究-以臺北市列管公廁為例。國立台北科技大學碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅婉(禾柔)(2017)。桃園地區公共廁所之使用後評估。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2017。1-177。 
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