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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宗珍(1998)。民宿房間價格影響因素探討-以台灣中部地區民宿為例。未出版碩士論文,亞洲大學,台中。
  2. 尹光保(2008)。地方型非營利組織在觀光產業發展中所扮演的角色功能、困境及其優勢-以清境觀光發展促進會為例。未出版碩士論文,暨南大學,南投。
  3. 田倍樺、張翔、楊育真、蔡淳淳(2010)。七股地區生態旅遊服務品質探討非營利組織成員及遊客觀點,休閒事業研究,8(2),18-40。
  4. 邱連枝、官有垣(2009)。非營利社區文化產業的運作與影響:苗栗縣社區營造組織的兩個個案研究,國家與社會,第七期:29-86。
  5. 郭美滿(2002)。發展經營虛擬社群資源之探討-以「非營利組織的資源與行銷觀點」的分析模式作推導研究。未出版碩士論文,中原大學,桃園。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳秀華(2012)。舉辦美食節慶活動關鍵成功因素之探討。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2012。1-88。
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