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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳榮基(2006).醫界應積極推廣臨終DNR的觀念.慈濟醫學雜誌,18(2),155–157。[Chen, R. C. (2006). Medical personnel should actively promote the concept of terminal DNR. Tzu Chi Medical Journal, 18(2), 155–157.]
  2. 陳榮基(2009).臨終關懷的人文精神.於戴正德、李明濱編著,醫學人文概論(第七章,97–109頁).台北市:教育部。[Chen, R. C. (2009). Humanism in terminal care. In C. T. Tai & M. B. Lee (Eds.), Medical humanities (Chap. 7, pp. 97–109). Taipei City: Ministry of Education, Taiwan, ROC.]
  3. 陳榮基(2014).台灣昏迷指數:格拉斯哥昏迷指數修訂版.安寧療護雜誌,19(2),176–180。[Chen, R. C. (2014). Taiwan coma scale: A modified Glasgow coma scale. Taiwan Journal of Hospice Palliative Care, 19(2), 176–180.]
  4. Sogyal Rinpoche. (2006).西藏生死書(鄭振煌譯,246頁).台北市:張老師文化。(原著出版於1992年)[Sogyal Rinpoche. (2006). The Tibetan book of living and dying (C. H. Cheng, Trans., p. 246). Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: Living Psychology.]
  5. Bhikshu, H. (2012). The role of mindfulness in hospice palliative care in Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Hospice Palliative Care (In Chinese), 17(2), 200-209.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱璧岑(Pi-Chen Chu);李榮真(Jung-Chen Lee);黃如鶯(Ju-yin Huang);吳大緯(Da-Wei Wu);吳淑蓉(Shu-Jung Wu)(2017)。提升呼吸器依賴病人不施行心肺復甦術簽署率。高雄護理雜誌。34(3)。24-35。 
  2. 張炳勛(2016)。緩和醫療家庭會議之內容與不施行心肺復甦術決定之關聯性。臺灣大學醫學教育暨生醫倫理研究所學位論文。2016。1-117。 
  3. 黃秀梅(2016)。臺北市公立安養護機構照顧工作人員執行安寧照顧經驗分享。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2016。1-122。 
  4. 徐紹瑜(2015)。以利害關係人的觀點探討以病人為中心之照護-以社區安寧照護為例。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-81。 
  5. 陳玉涓(2016)。兒童加護病房死亡病童與不施行心肺復甦術醫療照護 之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-85。
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