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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美玲、高雅玉、陳靜敏(2008).改善民眾規律運動之社區健康促進專案.源遠護理,2(1),44–53。[Wang, M. L., Kao, Y. Y., & Chen, C. M. (2008). A community health promotion project to improve the regular exercise behavior of residents. Yuan-Yuan Nursing, 2(1), 44–53.]
  2. 王榮德、游正芬、鍾智文、姚開屏(2000)∙廿一世紀之健康照護效性評量:生活品質與生活品質調整後之存活分析∙台灣醫學,4(1),65–74。[Wang, J. D., Yu, C. F., Chung, C. W., & Yao, K. P. (2000). Evaluation of effectiveness of health service in the 21st century: Quality of life and quality adjusted survival analysis. Formosan Journal of Medicine, 4(1), 65–74.]
  3. 田福利、魯傳冬、李學永、張二箭、張 賓、卜雪芹…張豔萍(2015).心力衰竭三腔起搏器植入患者焦慮抑鬱的藥物和心理干預治療臨床研究.中國循證心血管醫學雜誌,3,394–395。[Tian, F. L., Lu, C. D., Li, X. Y., Zhang, E. J., Zhang, B., Pu, X. Q., ... Zhang, Y. P. (2015). Pharmacotherapy and mental intervention in heart failure patients with anxiety and depression after cardiac resynchronization therapy. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Cardiovascular Medicine, 3, 394–395.]
  4. 朱豔波、杜金行、林 琳、陳柯帆、鄭 潔、賀 琳…駱曉霞(2010).明尼蘇達心功能不全生命質量量表中文版的研製及臨床試用.中華行為醫學與腦科學雜誌,2,178–181。[Zhu, Y. B., Du, J. X., Lin, L., Chen, K. F., Zheng, J., He, L., ... Luo, X. L. (2010). The translating, editing and testing of the Minnesota living with heart failure questionnaire of Chinese version. Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medical and Brain Science, 2, 178–181.]
  5. 李 坤、梁會營、李 恂、陳建平、趙 琳、呂 藝…周寶森(2010).Morisky問卷應用于社區高血壓患者服藥依從性評價的信度和效度分析.中華高血壓雜誌,18(11),1067–1070。[Li, K., Liang, H. Y., Li, X., Chen, J. P., Zhao, L., Lv, Y., ... Zhou, B. S. (2010). Validity and reliability of the Morisky questionnaire in assessing antihypertensive therapy compliance of hypertension patients in community. Chinese Journal of Hypertension, 18(11), 1067–1070.]
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