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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abraham, R.(1998).Emotional dissonance in organizations: Antecedents, consequences, and moderators.Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs,124(2),229-246.
  2. Adelmann, P. K.,S. L. Sauter (Eds.),L. R. Murphy (Eds.)(1995).Organizational risk factors for job stress.Easton, MD:Easton.
  3. Arnold, H. J.,Feldman, D. C.(1981).Social desirability response bias in self-report choice situations.Academy of Management Journal,24(2),377-385.
  4. Arnold, H. J.,Feldman, D. C.,Purbhoo, M.(1985).The role of social-desirability response bias in turnover research.Academy of Management Journal,28(4),955-966.
  5. Ashforth, B. E.,Humphrey, R. H.(1995).Emotion in the workplace: A reappraisal.Human Relations,48(2),97-125.
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙彥嘉(2013)。顧客導向行為成因與結果之跨層次研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-161。 
  2. 張琳瑩(Lin-Yin Chong);顏怡音(I-Yin Yen)(2021)。探討遊樂園員工之情緒勞務、工作倦怠、工作滿意度之關係:以情緒智力為調節變項。餐旅暨觀光。18(1)。69-89。 
  3. 呂光前(Kuang-Chien Lu);呂曉媛(Hsiao-Yuan Lu);杜佩蘭(Pey-Lan Du);陳錦輝(Chin-Hui Chen);黃英忠(Ing-Chung Huang)(2018)。挑戰性壓力源、障礙性壓力源與工作滿足-旅行社員工自我效能的調節效果。運動休閒管理學報。15(3)。1-17。 
  4. 徐瑋遙(2012)。自我決定理論之工作動機對工作倦怠與職涯選擇之影響關係-以技專院校觀光餐旅校外實習生為例。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-153。
  5. 李聖光(2015)。晶圓代工業直接人員工作滿意度之研究。清華大學高階主管經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-63。
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