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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中華民國體操協會(1997)。中華民國體操協會
    2. 中華民國體操協會(2001)。中華民國體操協會
    3. 俞智贏(1998)。男子體操加分技能及成績分析-86台灣區運動會體操賽男子第III競賽。體育學報,26
    4. 張涵勁(2000)。對21世紀世界男子跳馬發展趨勢的探討。體育科學,20(5)
    5. 許銘、何幸光、陳定濤(1999)。第三十四屆世界體操錦標賽男子跳馬的技術統計與分析。廣州體育學院學報,19(4)
    Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 湯文慈、陳光輝、柯文佳(2011)。不同競技水準男子競技體操選手分值表現的比較。體育學報,44(4),623-638。
    2. 蔡亨、陳光輝、王明鴈(2005)。2002亞運會及2003全運會男子競技體操選手整套動作之實施扣分比較分析。國立體育學院論叢,16(3),283-292。
    3. 陳光輝、高明峰、王明鴈(2005)。90、92年全國運動會優秀男子競技體操選手之成績分析—以第Ⅱ競賽前四名選手為例。國立體育學院論叢,16(2),259-268。
    4. 陳銘堯、陳光輝、方雩(2010)。2004~2008年臺灣地區國小男子競技體操選手人數及成績分析。北體學報,19(2),31-41。
    5. 陳銘堯、陳光輝、王明鴈(2008)。影響男子競技體操評分規則中A、B分高低的主要因素探討。中華體育季刊,22(4),119-124。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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