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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Liou, Y. M.,Jwo, C. J. C.,Yao, K. G.,Chiang, L.-C.,Huang, L.-H.(2008).Selection of appropriate Chinese terms to represent intensity and types of physical activity terms for use in the Taiwan version of IPAQ.Journal of Nursing Research,16(4),252-263.
  2. 吳品錞、楊雅婷、楊宜青(2013)。足量運動及運動時間點對高中生體適能、創造思考能力與數學學科成就之影響。教育研究集刊,59(3),101-139。
  3. 李志宏、林耀豐(2010)。運動介入對運動行為改變之探討─跨理論模式的應用。中華體育季刊,24(3),159-168。
  4. 林子文、黃美瑤、張惠萍、林啟川(2011)。目標設定介入對視障生身體活動量與運動自我效能之影響。體育學報,44(4),593-608。
  5. 相子元、石又、何金山(2012)。感測科技於運動健康科學之應用。體育學報,45(1),1-12。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 嚴笠哲、陳家祥、相子元、李尹鑫(2018)。自行車踩踏功率的應用與發展。體育學報,51(2),145-154。
  2. 廖昕恬,黃郁琇,沈鈺婷,沈立(2019)。校園園藝活動能提高兒童蔬菜偏好及身體活動量嗎?。造園景觀學報,23(4),28-49。
  3. 張簡旭芳、相子元、李尹鑫(2016)。穿戴科技於運動科學之應用。中華體育季刊,30(2),121-128。
  4. 潘義祥、陳清祥(2016)。Power of Pedometer:以計步器發展學生動態生活型態之析論。體育學報,49(4),377-390。
  5. 黃長福,吳忠霖(2019)。使用穿戴式運動錶對國小學童身體活動量與體適能之影響。體育學報,52(1),55-69。
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