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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方怡堯、何信弘、張少熙(2014)。在地老化運動促進策略之探討:以芬蘭高齡者運動促進方案為例。中華體育季刊,28(2),137-144。
  2. 方怡堯、張少熙、何信弘(2015)。多元性運動訓練對社區高齡者功能性體適能之影響。體育學報,48(1),59-72。
  3. 王秀華、李淑芳(2011)。不同運動階段老年婦女其功能性體適能與健康生活品質之研究。體育學報,44(3),333-350。
  4. 王秀華、李淑芳(2012)。預防老年人跌倒之運動處方。中華體育季刊,26(1),51-57。
  5. 吳柏翰、陳柏翰、陳明宗(2013)。全身性振動伸展訓練對女性高齡者功能性體適能之影響。體育學報,46(4),339-350。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Wang, Hsiu-Hua,Li, Gladys Shuk-Fong,Chien, Kuei-Yu,Chen, Shu-Chen,Chen, Chiao-Nan(2018).A community application-oriented measuring distance for walking speed tests in the middle-aged and older adults.Physical Education Journal,51(4),463-471.
  2. 劉雅甄(2021)。12週動體視力訓練對高齡者與超高齡者視覺與平衡能力之影響。體育學報,54(1),13-21。
  3. 錢桂玉、楊雯婷、陳淑貞、呂佳育(2018)。無衰弱與衰弱前期中高齡者走路速度與功能性體適能之關聯。運動表現期刊,5(2),89-96。
  4. 陳緯蓉、林惠婷、周台英(2018)。運動介入對於老化造成步態改變的影響。中華體育季刊,32(1),75-83。
  5. (2019)。彼拉提斯運動對於高齡者衰弱與憂鬱徵狀之影響。體育學系系刊,18,51-66。
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