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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. American College of Sports Medicine(2005).ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription.Champagn, IL:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    2. Carroll, S.,Cooke, C. B.,Butterly, R. J.(2000).Metabolic clustering, physical activity and fitness in nonsmoking, middle-aged men.Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,32(12),2079-2086.
    3. Eriksson, J.,Taimela, S.,Koivisto, V. A.(1997).Exercise and the metabolic syndrome.Diabetologia,40(2),125-135.
    4. Irwin, M. L.,Ainsworth, B. E.,Mayer-Davis, E. J.,Addy, C. L.,Pate, R. R.,Durstine, J. L.(2002).Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women.Obesity Research,10(10),1030-1037.
    5. Jurca, R.,Lamonte, M. J.,Barlow, C. E.,Kampert, J. B.,Church, T. S.,Blair, S. N.(2005).Association of muscular strength with incidence of metabolic syndrome in men.Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,37(11),1849-1855.
    Times Cited ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 史萬秋(2010)。護士領導之社區個案管理對高血脂症民眾的成效探討。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-232。 
    2. 李少騰(2012)。不同程度肥胖童之心肺適能與身體活動量關係之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2012。1-60。 
    3. 柯貞如(2011)。資料探勘在搜尋代謝症候群與生活型態關聯性法則之應用。屏東科技大學工業管理系所學位論文。2011。1-71。 
    4. 張蕙雯(2009)。運用劑量反應關係解釋身體活動量與健康議題--以台灣地區糖尿病友團體為例。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2009。1-118。 
    5. 蔡采蕙(2008)。大學生運動行為及體適能對肥胖、血壓、膽固醇及尿酸影響之探討-某中部大學為例。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-77。
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