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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋威穎、雷文谷、熊婉君(2008)。美國職棒大聯盟主場優勢之分析。休閒暨觀光產業研究,3(2),47-66。
  2. 莊忠柱、陳天賜、姚為守(2004)。職業棒球主場觀眾人數的影響因素之探討─以中華職棒聯盟為例。體育學報,37,163-175。
  3. 郭名娟、陳羿戎(2010)。主場優勢的迷思與因應策略。大專體育,104,82-87。
  4. 彭小惠(2008)。94 學年度UBA主場運動觀眾消費頻率、觀賞動機與滿意度之關係研究。臺灣體育運動管理學報,6,99-116。
  5. 黃文祥(2005)。運動競賽主場優勢之分析。大專體育,79,176-180。
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂祐華(2020)。新北市城市棒球隊經營管理策略分析。臺大體育學報,38,1-13。
  2. 葉公鼎、康正男、林華韋、林子涵(2015)。臺灣職業棒球運動永續發展策略。台灣體育運動管理學報,15(2),241-270。
  3. 謝承勳、涂鵬斐、余宗龍(2017)。關係品質、社群活動參與度、會員歸屬感對運動消費行為意圖之影響。大專體育,142,23-34。
  4. 賴彥甫、練聿修、萬宗綸、黃開洋、林宜欣、王策緯(2013)。期待東亞學派的興起台大與首爾大地理系交流的學生所見。中國地理學會會刊,51,67-84。
  5. 邱文聲(2020)。從Lamigo桃猿隊轉售日商樂天集團案例探討臺灣職業棒球運動發展之研究。運動與遊憩研究,15(2),77-85。
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