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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔令文(2007)。馬拉松賽會競賽資訊科技整合服務設計之探討。中華體育季刊,21(1),109-114。
  2. 李沿儒(2009)。透過跨業服務設計帶動自行車產業之創新策略。產業管理評論,3(2),49-54。
  3. 李治綱、謝汶進(2002)。應用雙層次規劃於高速鐵路列車服務設計之研究。運輸計劃季刊,31(1),95-119。
  4. 苑守慈、羅國倫(2010)。以預測市場理論為基礎之服務概念設計系統。資訊管理學報,17(2),141-174。
  5. 張旭華、呂鑌洧(2010)。以整合性模式探討保險業服務設計與服務品質之提升。管理與系統,17(1),131-157。
Times Cited ( 13 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 阮偲婷(2015)。工具機產業智能製造及新服務模式發展與驗證---服務科學取向。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-180。 
  2. 許閔翔(2015)。中華電信服務中心新服務發展之研究-服務藍圖觀點。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-92。 
  3. 沈清忠(2015)。中華電信服務創新─客服受理作業優化之個案分析。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-79。 
  4. 許世琪(2017)。由服務端與顧客端之雙向洞察探討遠距照護服務設計 -以台北某醫院遠距照護中心為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2017。1-133。 
  5. 李沛蓉(2015)。旅遊社群網站的營運機制設計。逢甲大學科技管理碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-72。 
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