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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李德芬、周才忠、林美珍、陳嘉鳳(2004)。青少女懷孕對其生理、心理社會之衝擊。台灣性學學刊,10(2),93-109。
  2. 林麗美、車慧蓮、葉美玉(2008)。探討阿美族青少年親密行為與性行為之預測因子。健康促進與衛生教育學報,30,35-52。
  3. 晏涵文、劉潔心、鄭其嘉(2009)。台北市五專五年級學生近三十年約會與性行為變化趨勢研究。中華輔導與諮商學報,25,251-274。
  4. 台灣原住民族歷史語言文化大辭典(2015) 。族群檢索。取自http://
  5. 內政部戶政司(2015)。人口統計資料—育齡婦女生育率。取
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張玉婷、林美玲(2018)。台灣東部青少年對避孕的主觀經驗。臺灣性學學刊,24(1),51-71。
  2. 程婉若、王增勇(2017)。「我和案主在兩個不同的世界裡」:合意性行為青少女自我保護服務之建制民族誌分析。女學學誌:婦女與性別研究,41,1-50。
  3. 羅家倫、黃鈺雯(2018)。以計畫行為理論為觀點探討大學生之性行為意圖。臺灣性學學刊,24(1),93-122。
  4. 蔡培元,楊佩榮,余韋霆(2021)。探究促進原住民族少年正向發展的互動模式:運用正向少年發展論點。台灣原住民族研究,13(2),83-125。
  5. 謝春金,林雅淑(2020)。一位青少女未婚懷孕接受終止妊娠之護理經驗。領導護理,21(4),73-87。
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