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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高淑雰、謝碧晴、蔡秀鸞、蘇慧芳(2007)。個案管理模式於某醫學中心燒燙傷病患的照護成效。醫護科技期刊,9(1),24-32。
  2. 莊惠琪、高毓秀、李裕菽(2006)。同儕教育介入對高中生的避孕知識、避孕態度、避孕自我效能及避孕行為意向之成效探討。醫護科技期刊,8(4),298-306。
  3. Case Management Society of America. (n.d.). Definition of Case Management. In standards of practice for case management revised 2010. Retrieved December 7, 2011, from
  4. 台灣腎臟醫學會(2011 , 2 月 18 日)‧ 100 年度腎臟病健康促進機構作業說明及附件‧線上檢索日期:2011 年11 月 26 日,網址: [Taiwan Society of Nephrology. (2011). 2011 kidney disease health promotion agencies operating instructions and accessories. Retrieved November 26, 2011, from]
  5. Schatell, D., & Witten, B. (2010). Measuring dialysis patients' health-related quality of life with the KDQOL-36TM. Kidney Disease Quality of Life Complete, 1-8..
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑麗(Shu-Li Wang);陳慈徽(Tzu-Hui Chen);龔蘭芳(Lan-Fang Kung);蕭仕敏(Shih-Ming Hsiao);蕭佩妮(Pei-Ni Hsiao);林明彥(Ming-Yen Lin)(2020)。中文版腎臟知識知覺量表之發展及信效度測試。高雄護理雜誌。37(3)。1-11。 
  2. 王淑麗(Shu-Li Wang);龔蘭芳(Lan-Fang Kung);陳慈徽(Tzu-Hui Chen);蕭仕敏(Shih-Ming Hsiao);蕭佩妮(Pei-Ni Hsiao);邱啟潤(Chii-Jun Chiou)(2016)。慢性腎臟病人自我照顧行為量表之發展與信效度檢定。護理雜誌。63(4)。90-99。 
  3. 賴宜貞(2013)。以健康信念模式探討影響慢性腎臟病患保健行為之相關因素。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-80。
  4. 李珮甄(2014)。探討台灣慢性腎臟病患生活品質。成功大學護理學系學位論文。2014。1-102。
  5. 王沐昕(2017)。腹膜透析病患照顧行為與腹膜炎之病例對照研究。長榮大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-95。
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