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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number



中國地方自治 ; 55卷6期 (2002 / 06 / 01) , P4 - 17

繁體中文 DOI: 10.6581/lsgc.2002.55(6).02 DOI

    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 高永光(2001)。「城鄉差距」與「地方派系影響力」之研究-1998年台北縣縣議員與鄉鎮市長選舉的個案分析。選舉研究,7(1)
    2. 張茂桂、陳俊傑(1986)。現代化、地方派系與地方選舉投票率之關係-自由派理論的再討論。中國政治學會投票行為選舉文化研究會論文集
    3. 黃德福(1994)。現代化、選舉競爭與地方派系:1992年立法委員選舉的分析。選舉研究,1,81。
    4. 趙永茂(2001)。新政黨政治形勢對台灣地方派系的衝擊。政治科學論叢,14
    5. 劉佩怡(2002)。台灣發展經驗中的國家、地方派系、信用合作社的三角結構分析台灣發展經驗中的國家、地方派系、信用合作社的三角結構分析,未出版
    Times Cited ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王詩雅(2015)。體育運動學術與教育訓練資訊系統模組規劃研究。中興大學運動與健康管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-58。 
    2. 柯昀伶(2017)。分配政治、地方派系與社區營造—以嘉義縣長陳明文第二屆任期為例。臺灣大學公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-88。 
    3. 黃柏叡(2016)。漁會侍從連結的變遷(1985-2016)-以基隆區漁會 為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-121。 
    4. 張政煌(2015)。地方派系存續與變遷的比較分析-以原臺中縣及彰化縣為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-119。 
    5. 莊卓穎(2015)。臺灣成形中之地方政治新生態初探:從縣市層級選舉觀察臺中市與嘉義縣地方派系。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-166。 
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