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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 279 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王梅玲。「數位圖書館課程之規劃與設計」。國家圖書館館刊90卷2期(民國92年):頁105-131。
    2. 余顯強。「淺談開放式元資料獲取協定的應用與內涵」。圖書與資訊學刊43卷(民國92年):頁35-45。。
    3. 柯皓仁、黃夙賢、楊維邦。「詮釋資料與數位圖書館系統互通性之探討」。大學圖書館5卷1期(民國90年):頁49-78。
    4. 陳昭珍。「數位典藏計畫異質系統互通機制:以OAI建立聯合目錄的理論與實作」。國家圖書館館刊91年第1期(民國91年6月):頁1-17。
    5. Arms, William Y. Digital Libraries. Cambridge, Ma.: MIT Press,2000.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃士維(2008)。引用資訊物件模型建立卡拉OK系統。長榮大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-58。 
    2. 羅嵐(2005)。數位圖書館異質整合檢索系統評析。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-194。
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