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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士華、戎瑾如、陳喬琪、魏秀靜、林寬佳(2007)•青少年精神分裂症病患主要照顧者相關壓力、習得智謀與照顧負荷之研究.護理雜誌,54(5),37-47。
  2. 王月伶(2005)•健康概念分析.護理雜誌,52(1),40-43。
  3. 王俐潔、陳威宇、張書展、黃安年、洪榮駿、王瑞霞(2011)•消化道末期癌症病患居家主要照顧者之照顧負荷與相關性因素探討.護理雜誌,58(6),54-64。
  4. 方蕙玲(2010)•「老人照護」倫理原則及其應用.明新學報,36(2),175-188。
  5. 王麗雪、何美瑤、呂桂雲、葉淑惠(2007)•照顧者社會支持、照顧評價和失能老人家庭照顧品質的相關性探討.實證護理,3(3),177-187。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭惟雅(2015)。加護病房病人家屬之智謀與訊息尋求之關係。高雄醫學大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-84。 
  2. 許素雯(2014)。精神病人主要照顧者照顧負荷、智謀與憂鬱程度之相關性探討。高雄醫學大學護理學系研究所學位論文。2014。1-90。 
  3. 林惠珍(2017)。思覺失調症病人暴力行為對其主要照顧者之習得智謀、照顧負荷及照顧需求相關之探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-96。
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