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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 參考書目
  2. 內政處統計處. (2014). 重要參考指標. http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/index.aspx
  3. 古博文, 孫文榮, 張俊一, & 陳俐蓉. (2013). Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. [老年人身體活動量表中文版之信度與效度]. 大專體育學刊, 15(3), 309-319. doi: 10.5297/ser.1503.006
  4. 吳秋燕. (2003). 老年人身體活動、心肺適能與生活品質之相關研究. 碩士, 國立臺灣師範大學. (80)
  5. 李佳倫, & 鄭景峰. (2010). 臺灣老年人身體活動量與功能性體適能的關係. [Relationships between Physical Activity Levels and Functional Fitness Test for Elderly in Taiwan]. 大專體育學刊, 12(4), 79-89. doi: 10.5297/ser.1204.009
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