Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁文郁,2004,論農業金融法立法對台灣農業發展之影響,農業推廣文彙第48輯,台灣農業推廣學會。
  2. 呂怡璇,2004,私立大信用部院經營績效與教育部獎補助款之關聯性研究,中原大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 張正仁,2004,農會會計處理與稅務問題研究,中原大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
  4. Banker, R. D., A. Charnes and W. W. Cooper. 1984. Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis. Management Science 30:1078-1092.
  5. Chang, C.C. and T.C. Hsieh.1998.The economic effciency of the Credit Department of Farmers’ Associations in Taiwan. Applied Financial Economics, 8, 409-418.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃惠琴(2015)。中部地區基層農會經營績效分析。中興大學農業企業經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-56。 
  2. 陳菊珍(2009)。台灣農會信用部經營效率之研究-資料包絡分析法之應用。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-132。 
  3. 連健甫(2018)。直轄市農會信用部經營績效之研究-兩階段 DEA 之應用。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2018。1-60。 
  4. 楊玲珠(2011)。鄉村型農會經營策略之個案研究 -以彰化縣線西鄉農會為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。 
  5. 林友寧(2010)。台中縣基層農會人力資源與盈餘之探討。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-87。 
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