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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 一、中文部分
  2. 1. 白榮燦 (2007), 「偶像崇拜與音樂產品購買關係」,暨南國際大學國際企業學系研究所碩士論文
  3. 2. 朱文禎與陳哲賢 (2007),「探討虛擬社群之知識分享行為:以線上遊戲為例」,電子商務研究,第5卷第1期,頁55-80
  4. 3. 朱龍祥與陸洛 (2000),「流行歌曲歌迷偶像崇拜的心態與行為初探」,應用心理研究,第8期,頁171-208
  5. 4. 吳明隆 (2008),SPSS操作與應用問卷統計分析實務。台北:五南圖書
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭玉章(2003)。臺北市原住民青少年運動現況與運動傷害類型調查。臺北醫學大學傷害防治學研究所學位論文。2003。1-186。
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