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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 254 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王斯音(2009)。非營利組織的社會行銷--檢視Kotler的社會行銷模型。台北市:台北大學公共行政暨政策學系研究所
  2. 王毓莉(2005)。政府運用“置入性行銷”從事菸害防制工作之初探性研究。中華傳播學刊,第8期,頁115-159。
  3. 古允文(1997)。超級福利國家?「歐洲聯盟」社會政策的發展。社會政策與社會工作學刊,第1卷,第1期,頁133-160。
  4. 古允文(2001)。建構社會安全體系照顧弱勢團體。國政研究報告。財團法人國家政策研究基金會。
  5. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2009)。台灣菸害防制年報。台北市:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江承軒(2013)。台灣菸害治理機制的形成。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2013。1-161。
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