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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台中市早療季刊 (2007)。台中:台中市政府社會處,未發行。
  2. 朱鳳英 (2007)。臺北市早期療育服務社區照顧經驗。護理雜誌,54(5),18-22。
  3. 汪俐君 (2003)。學前身心障礙子女母親親職壓力與社會支持相關因素之探討。台北:台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。
  4. 宋冀寧、宋麗玉 (2001)。社會福利機構服務品質相關因素探討之研究—以老人自費安養護機構為例。社會政策與社會工作學刊,5(2),175-220。
  5. 周月清、朱鳳英、許昭瑜、劉玉珊、蔡秀妹、黃玲雅、黃淑文 (2001)。協助拒絕接受服務之家庭進入早療體系。臺大社工學刊,4,97-161。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱世勳(2011)。台東縣發展遲緩兒童家庭親職壓力與休閒參與之相關研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-74。 
  2. 簡筱帆(2013)。宜蘭縣聽障幼兒家長對早期療育服務滿意度之現況探討。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系早期療育碩士班學位論文。2013。1-112。 
  3. 徐憶秋(2012)。主要照顧者對幼童接受發展評估行為意圖及其相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-131。
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