Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 賴雅馨、廖主民 (2007)。父母影響兒童參與運動的機制-以Eccles等 (1998)的父母社會化模式為基礎。中華體育季刊,21(2),61-67。
    2. Babkes, M. L., & Weiss, M. R. (1999). Parental influence on children’s cognitive and affective responses to competitive soccer participation. Pediatric Exercise Science, 11, 44-62.
    3. Bois, J. E., Sarrazin, P. G., Brustad, R. J., Trouilloud, D. O., & Cury, F. (2005). Elementary schoolchildren’s perceived competence and physical activity involvement: The influence of parents’ role modeling behaviours and perceptions of their child’s competence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6, 381-397.
    4. Bois, J. E., Sarrazin, P. G., Brustad, R. J., Chanal, J. P., & Trouilloud, D. O. (2005). Parents’ appraisals, reflected appraisals, and children’s self-appraisals of sport competence: A yearlong study. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 17, 273-289.
    5. Brustad, R. J. (1988). Affective outcomes in competitive youth sport: The influence of intrapersonal and socialization. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10, 370-321.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林秀瑜(2015)。家庭共同參與羽球運動之親子關係的個案研究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2015。1-175。 
    2. 黃曉慧(2016)。苗栗縣立福興武術中小學個案研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-103。 
    3. 林俊佑(2012)。家長參與兒童課後運動社團角色與運動價值觀之研究-以足球俱樂部為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-189。
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