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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 397 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王列、賴海榕(譯)(2001)。Putnam, R. D. 著。使民主運轉起來(Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy)。南昌:江西人民。
  2. 王俊豪、蔡必焜、陳美芬、湯尹珊(2004)。社會資本與休閒消費關係之研究。載於國立高雄餐旅學院舉辦之「第四屆觀光休閒暨餐旅產業永續經營」學術研討會論文集(頁179-187),高雄。
  3. 世界衛生組織生活品質問卷臺灣版問卷發展小組(2001)。臺灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊。臺北:作者。
  4. 吳英偉、陳惠玲(譯)〈1996〉。Stokowski, P. A. 著。休閒社會學(Leisure in society: A network structural perspective)。臺北:五南。
  5. 吳珩潔(2002)。大臺北地區民眾休閒滿意度與幸福感之研究。國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐俐慧(2014)。新移民子女社會資本與心理健康之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2014。1-132。 
  2. 陳逸嫻(2016)。臺北市立國民小學公務人員社會資本與自我效能關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2016。1-138。
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