Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 193 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王敏男(1998)。健康體適能-兒童肌力和肌耐力測驗之探討。大專體育雙月刊,35,31-35。
  2. 江勁政(1999)。大專射箭、體操、柔道選手與一般生平衡能力之定量評估。國立體育學院體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
  3. 行政院衛生署資訊網 (民93)。台灣地區主要死亡原因。網址:
  4. 行政院衛生署國民健康局 (2004,3月8日):促進健康體能的方法,摘自:http://www.bhp.doh.gov.tw/theme/file/2003611171442QNFTMG/促進健康體能的方法.htm。
  5. 吳益佳(民93)。八週集中式與分散式跑步運動對青少年心肺適能之影響。 國立台灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文,台北市,台灣。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張漢成(2011)。楊家太極拳與鄭子太極拳比較分析之研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-147。 
  2. 黃純慈(2013)。鄭子太極拳對銀髮族功能性體適能促進之探討。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-69。
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