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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建台(2011)台灣百年傳統體育回顧與前瞻,學校體育,125,62-66。
  2. 王鍵慰、徐美惠、黃素珍(2011)大專學生休閒運動參與現況及阻礙因素之研究,蘭陽學報,10,74-80。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2010)突破20萬人揪團響應「健康100 臺灣動起來」,上網日期:2012年10月25日,檢自http://health99.doh.gov.tw/Hot_News/h_NewsDetailN.aspx?TopIcNo=6261。
  4. 汪茂鈞、李連宗(2007)台灣區軍事院校畢業生休閒參與之休閒態度、休閒動機、休閒阻礙及休閒滿意度之相關研究,復興崗學報,90,155-172。
  5. 巫昌陽、蔡季恬、王彩如、吳靜怡(2009)屏東縣三地門鄉原住民女性運動休閒阻礙與需求之探討,運動健康與休閒學刊,12,53-72。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃才容(2016)。雲林縣高職綜合職能科學生休閒活動參與與休閒阻礙之研究。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-104。
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