Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 賴士葆 (1990),『研究發展卅行銷互動與新產品發展績效相關之研究』,台北:中華民國管理科學學會。
  2. 6. 司徒達賢 (1995),策略管理,台北:遠流出版社。
  3. 9. 勤業管理顧問公司 (2000),劉京偉譯,知識管理的第一本書,台北:商周編輯顧問股份有限公司。
  4. 2. Anderson J. C. and. Gerbing D. W. (1988) Structural Equation Modeling in Pratice: A Review and Recommended Two Step Approach, Psychological Bulletin, 103: pp.411-423.
  5. 3. Andrew, H. G..; Arvind, M.; Albert H. S. (2001),"Knowledge Management:An Organizational Capabilities Perspective", Journal of Management Information System, 18(1), pp.185-214.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀曉影(2007)。研發管理策略、管理創新方案及組織績效之關聯。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-51。
  2. 劉懿靚(2007)。市場導向與跨組織整合對新產品開發績效影響相關之研究。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2007。1-92。
  3. 劉乃維(2008)。組織間協同合作與科技能力的因果模糊對新產品研發績效相關之研究。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2008。1-88。
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