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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林奎璉 (2006) 歷史性都市林植栽調查與分析-以台南公園為例。國立中興大學園藝學碩士論文,98頁。
  2. 林振榮、張東柱、阮名揚 (2008) 樹木危險度診斷的非破壞性評估法。林業研究專訓 15(6): 18-21。
  3. 章錦瑜 (2008) 探討樹木之地表氣生根對硬體造成的危害。林業研究季刊 30(3): 65-74.
  4. 詹明勳、王亞男、高毓謙、陳勁豪、林金樹、蕭文偉 (2006) 樹木目視評估危險度及健康度-以台中縣市老樹為例。臺大實驗林研究報告 20(2): 99-116.
  5. 詹明勳、王亞男、黃憶汝、林瑞進 (2005) 老樹巨木樹齡估測之研究。中華林學季刊 38(2): 139-150。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉芯芳(2012)。珍貴老樹非破壞性根系調查之研究以后里澤民老樟樹為例。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2012。1-138。 
  2. 蘇柏羽(2014)。臺灣中部大雪山紅檜人工疏伐林之林木健康效益。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2014。1-101。 
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