Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Albayrak N and Yang ST (2002) Production of galactooligosaccharides from lactose by Aspergillus oryzae β-galactosidase immobilized on Cotton Cloth. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 77(1): 8-19.
  2. Alles MS, de Roos NM, Bakx JC, van de Lisdonk E, Zock PL and Hautvast GA (1999) Consumption of fructooligosaccharides does not favorably affect blood glucose and serum lipid concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes. Am. J. Clin Nutr. 69(1): 64-9.
  3. Barthomeuf C and Pourrat H.(1995) Production of high content fructooligosaccharadies by enzymatic system from Penicillum nregulosum. Biotechnology. Letters. 17(9): 911-916.
  4. Bouhnik Y, Vahedi K, Achour L, Attar A, Salfati J, Pochart P, Marteau P, Flourie B and Bornet F (1999) Short-chain fructooligosaccharides administration dose-dependently increases fecal bifidobacteria in healthy humans. J. Nutr. 129: 113-116.
  5. Chen CW, Ou-Yang CC and Yeh CW (2003) Synthesis of galactooligosaccharides and transgalactosylation modeling in reverse micelles. Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 33: 497-507.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李書志(2011)。利用高蝦紅素生產變異株Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous同步生產蝦紅素與果寡糖生產酵素之可行性探討。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2011。1-121。 
  2. 劉士軒(2006)。鹼性蛋白質酵素固定於幾丁聚醣之研究。清華大學化學工程學系學位論文。2006。1-95。
  3. 宋世雄(2011)。不分解蔗糖、麥芽糖或乳糖的酵母菌的篩選。大同大學生物工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-57。
  4. 黃暐翔(2012)。葡萄糖氧化酵素型生物燃料電池之最佳化特性研究。中興大學精密工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-63。
  5. 方婉婷(2013)。葡萄糖氧化酵素燃料電池之循環系統研究。中興大學精密工程學系所學位論文。2013。1-87。
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