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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文崇一(1972)。從價值取向談中國國民性。中國人的性格,台北:中央研究院民族研究所。
  2. 林茂榮、姚開屏、黃景祥、王榮德(1999)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷量尺語詞的選擇。中華衛誌,18(4),262-270。
  3. 周繡玲(1994)。成人急性白血病病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討。國立國防醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 姚開屏(2000)。簡介與評論常用的一般性健康相關生活品質量表兼談對未來研究的建議。中國測驗學會測驗年刊,47(2),111-138。
  5. 姚開屏(2002a)。健康相關生活品質概念與測量原理之簡介。台灣醫學 會,6(2),183-192。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜亞潔(2012)。遊客價值觀、度假生活型態與休閒阻礙模式建構與驗證─以八仙山與奧萬大國家森林遊樂區為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2012。1-123。 
  2. 林劭潔(2007)。上班族群社經地位與幸福感、健康生活品質關係之研究—檢視LOHAS生活型態的中介效果。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-145。
  3. 王文君(2012)。台灣地區國中生健康促進生活型態與生活品質研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-122。
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