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台灣外籍配偶與本籍配偶的生育數量與品質

Comparisons of Fertility Rate and Birth Quality between Native and Foreign-Born Women in Taiwan

Abstracts


為釐清一般大眾對外籍配偶高生育率以及低生育品質的想像,我們利用2007年戶籍登記資料、2003年「外籍與大陸配偶生活狀況調查」與1998年第八期「台灣地區家庭計畫與生育力調查(KAP VlII)」,來呈現外籍配偶與本籍配偶的「婚齡別」 生育率差異,並利用2003年至2007年出生通報,比較外籍配偶與本籍配偶的新生兒出生時之健康狀況,包括死產、體重不足、先天缺陷、早產以及Apgar評分五項指標。研究結果顯示外籍配偶的生育率不但不高,還低於台灣有偶婦女的生育水準;至於新生兒健康狀況,不論是從死產、體重不足、先天缺陷、早產或是Apgar評分的比例來看,她們也沒有比較差,其中死產、體重不足與早產三項指標上的表現甚至於更好。

Parallel abstracts


In order to clarify public misunderstanding, this study explores the real situation of foreign spouses' fertility rate and the birth quality of their babies. By employing household registration data in 2007, the Survey of Foreign and Mainland Spouses in 2003, and the eighth survey of knowledge, attitude, and practices of family planning and reproductive health in 1998 (KAP VIII), we present the differences of marriage-duration specific fertility rates between foreign and Taiwanese women. We also compare the birth quality of foreign spouses with that of Taiwanese women in terms of the indexes of stillbirth, low birth weight, birth defects, premature birth, and Apgar score by the birth notification data between 2003 and 2007.Contrary to public understanding, our study shows that the fertility of foreign spouses is actually lower than that of Taiwanese married women. Furthermore, their birth quality is also not worse than that of Taiwanese women. As a matter of fact, the qualities of foreign spouses' babies are even better than those of Taiwanese women in terms of the indexes of stillbirth, low birth weight and prematurely born.

References


廖宗志、林俊龍、詹婉喻、宋鴻樟、廖建彰(2006)。外籍新娘與本地婦女的低出生體重嬰兒比較。台灣家醫誌。16(4),226-236。
Yang, Y. M.,Wang, H. H.(2003).Life and Health Concerns of Indonesian Women in Transnational Marriages in Taiwan.Journal of Nursing Research.11(3),167-176.
黃元德、黃瓊瑩、馬作鏹、郝宏恕(2007)。本國籍和外國籍產婦生產方式之差異及探討。台灣衛誌。26(3),169-176。
王宏仁(2001)。社會階層化下的婚姻移民與國內勞動市場:以越南新娘為例。台灣社會研究。41,99-127。
內政部入出國及移民署 2009b〈 外籍配偶人數與大陸(含港澳)配偶人數〉。2009年4月2日,取自http://www.immigration.gov.tw/aspcode/9802/外籍配偶人數與大陸(含港澳)配偶人數.xls

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楊慧滿、陳宇嘉(2020)。生命的協商:東南亞女性婚姻移民之生育決策與實踐社會發展研究學刊(26),43-73。https://doi.org/10.6687/JSDS.202009_(26).0002
陳映璇(2017)。新住民子女與本地子女健康之比較〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU201702211
徐慧貞(2016)。影響嬰兒膽道閉鎖存活因素之多層次因子分析-脈絡效果分析〔博士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU201610142
鄭詩穎(2011)。順從?抵抗?─東南亞新移民女性的家庭照顧經驗〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2011.00838
吳珮慈(2013)。越裔新台灣之子主觀福祉探討---以國小高年級學為例〔碩士論文,國立中正大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0033-2110201613535237

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