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「臺灣版五因素正念量表」之信效度分析

Validation of the Taiwanese Version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (T-FFMQ)

Abstracts


以佛教四念處禪修為基礎架構的正念(Mindfulness)療癒法,在各種效益研究的驗證與支持下,使正念心理療法、減壓課程,甚至兒童與青少年的正念教育課程廣為流傳。隨著正念的發展,了解正念的內涵與其療癒機轉,成為不可或缺的課題;而正念量表的編製除有利於掌握正念的概念,更是探究正念作用機轉不可或缺的工具。Baer、Smith、Hopkins、Krietemeyer與Toney(2006)所編製的「五因素正念量表」(The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, FFMQ)是一個具良好信效度、且被廣泛運用的正念測量工具。「五因素正念量表」雖在中國已有中文化版本,但因該版本的用字遣詞與臺灣本土有差異,且該版本有些因素的信度偏低,故有必要重新建立一套臺灣版本,本研究之主要目的即為建立「臺灣版五因素正念量表」(T-FFMQ)。為證實「臺灣版五因素正念量表」之信效度,研究一先針對735 位受試者進行施測,並採用內部一致性、再測信度、效標關聯效度及驗證性因素分析進行信效度之檢驗,結果顯示「臺灣版五因素正念量表」為一份有信效度之量表。研究二透過比較42 位受試者於八週正念減壓課程介入前後,其「臺灣版五因素正念量表」之差異,證實「臺灣版五因素正念量表」可以有效反應正念介入的效果。本研究亦檢驗正念介入後其量表中五因素之相關,發現受過正念介入之受試者,其正念五因素間的相關性有所提升。

Parallel abstracts


The Mindfulness-based Intervention is attracting increasing interest within the psychology, education and medical fields in Taiwan. Although many researchers have found reduced psychological symptoms and increased psychological well-being following mindfulness training, little is known about the mechanisms whereby mindfulness can enhance mental health. For understanding the mechanisms of which factors of mindfulness play its beneficial effect, a multi-dimentional structure for the mindfulness instrument will be better than using a one-factor structure to measure this phenomenon. Among other mindfulness measures, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is considered to match more the concept of the Buddhist construct of mindfulness. The purpose of the present research was to establish the Taiwanese version of the FFMQ (T-FFMQ). This research involved two studies: the first study included 735 participants that were used to test the validity and reliability and we found the T-FFMQ is a valid and reliable questionnaire. However, the construct "non-judgement" of TFFMQ is little correlated with other mindfulness factors, it may due to the participants have not had mindfulness training. In order to test this hypothesis, we recruited 42 participants, who accepted 8 weeks MBSR intervention, in study two. Based on the result, it supports the idea that five factors were correlated to each other after mindfulness training and the T-FFMQ can measure the effects of mindfulness intervention sensitively.

References


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杜蜀芬(2013)。正念療癒團體效益之探究:以在職進修之國小教師為例(碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學。
范琬君(2014)。內觀認知治療團體於憂鬱症緩解患者之療效研究(碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學。
張仁和、林以正、黃金蘭(2011)。中文版「止觀覺察注意量表」之信效度分析。測驗學刊。專刊,235-260。
張仁和、黃金蘭、林以正(2013)。從情緒平和與止觀探討心理位移日記書寫方法的療癒機制。教育心理學報。44(3),589-608。

Cited by


呂政碩(2017)。正念訓練對生氣反芻、錯誤記憶與攻擊行為之影響〔碩士論文,中原大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6840/cycu201700886
邱毓瑩(2017)。癌症病患的主要照顧者其正念程度扮演憂鬱、生活品質與睡眠障礙之間的中介因素探討〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU201702403

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