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代表的理論與實際

Theory and Practice of Representation: A Dialogue between Normative and Empirical Studies

Abstracts


代議制是近現代民主的常軌,「代表」則是人民主權理念得以部份落實的主要機制。在理論上,「代表」理當重現(re-present)人民的心聲和利益,然而在實際政治運作中,此種期望不免有所落差,甚或全然落空。因此自代表制實施以來,如何縮短和避免此一落差,便成為民主政治的主要課題。本文的目的是嘗試就代表的規範理論著眼,一方面考察英、美、法三國憲政史上有關「代表制」所引發的爭議;另一方面則擬據此回探我國憲政史上中央民代與民意關係的變遷,進而依據現有的抽樣訪談資料,分析我國選民對於中央民代的認知和期望,我們相信藉由經驗與規範的對話,將有助於政治現象的理解與釐清。

Keywords

代表 柏克 彌爾 盧梭 台灣的立法委員

Parallel abstracts


Representation is a general rule of modem democracy and a major mechanism through which the idea of popular sovereignty is realized. In theory, representatives should re-present the voices and interests of the people; in practice, however, they are not always satisfactory. How to level the difference between theory and practice of representation becomes therefore a significant issue in democratic theory. This essay is intended to explore both the normative and empirical sides of the problem. We first review some renowned representation theories, then compare them with constitutional practice. Against this theoretical background and with the empirical data collected from some recent interviews, we try to analyze the cognition and expectation of Taiwanese electorate toward their legislators. We believe a dialogue between normative and empirical studies will enhance our understanding of this important political question.

References


朱雲漢 Chu, Yun-Han(1990)。改革憲政。台北:國家政策研究資料中心。
沈建中(1996)。中國國民黨黨政關係之研究。台北:商鼎文化出版社。
高毅(1991)。法蘭西風格:大革命的政治文化。浙江:浙江人民出版社。
盛杏湲 Sheng, Shing-Yuan(1999)。立法問政與選區服務:第三屆立法委員代表行為的探討 Law-Making and Constituency Service: A Study on Representative Behavior of Taiwan's Legislators Elected in 1995。選舉研究 Journal of Electoral Studies。6(2)
盛杏湲 Sheng, Shing-Yuan(2001)。政黨或選區?立法委員的代表取向與行為。選舉研究 Journal of Electoral Studies。7(2)

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