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TEPS資料庫中國中生心理健康情形之縱貫性分析

Apply Hierarchical Linear Modeling in the Longitudinal Study: In the Casa of Mental Health

Abstracts


本研究以TEPS資料庫中的心理健康縱貫性資料做為分析,利用階層線性模式來了解心理健康的發展趨勢。分析結果顯示,TEPS中的國中生心理健康情形會隨著年齡的增長而越來越不健康,且初始狀態及下降的狀況顯著存在個體間的差異。而國一男生的心理較女生來的健康,但男女生之間以及居住的區域別對心理健康的下降速率並無差異。除此之外,本研究也發現數學能力越高的學生,心理是越不健康的,可知對國中生而言,學習數學可能帶來一些壓力。最後,針對心理健康的分析結果提出相關建議。

Parallel abstracts


This research fused on using secondary data in conjunction with longitudinal design and hierarchical linear modeling as a new tendency of human research. First, the importance of longitudinal design was also described. Secondary, we discussed how to apply HLM in the longitudinal design. This study also provided an empirical example by analyzing a secondary data from TEPS. The findings showed that age of junior high school students was negatively related to the condition of mental health which was also impacted by individual characteristics. In the seventh grade, the mental health of male students was better than that of female students; however, gender and living areas had ho effect on the deterioration rate of student's mental health. Moreover, students who had higher mathematics ability had worse mental health. Thus, learning mathematics might bring some stress to junior high school students. Based on the results, we provided some suggestions to improve the mental health of junior high school students and apply HLM with using secondary data and longitudinal design.

References


內政部統計處(2003)。中華民國九十二年少年身心狀況調查報告。取自:http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/survey.aspx
王明雯、林亮吟(2005)。三個青少年躁鬱症者社會心理發展脈絡分析─以學業成就為促發因素之現象觀察。東台灣特殊教育學報。7,35-56。
石泱、連綠蓉(2006)。家庭與學校對青少年偏差行為影響之研究─國一至國三的縱貫性研究。兒童及少年福利期刊。10,51-76。
吳璧如(2005)。教師效能感的縱貫性研究:以幼教職前教師為例。教育與心理研究。28(3),383-408。
李明濱(2006)。自殺防範指引─專業、愛與希望。台北:自殺防治中心。

Cited by


張萬烽(2023)。國小學習障礙學生與一般學生自我效能、家長支持以及心理健康之縱貫研究教育心理學報55(1),125-151。https://doi.org/10.6251/BEP.202309_55(1).0006
施錦蓉(2013)。家庭休閒活動對國中小學生的家庭功能與主觀幸福感關係之研究〔碩士論文,國立中正大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0033-2110201613544940
江啟暉(2014)。學業補習與國中生憂鬱傾向之探討〔碩士論文,國立臺北大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0023-2811201414222518

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