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林希逸《莊子口義》「以禪解莊」析論

Analyzing and Discussing "Interpretation of Zhuang Zi 's Sayings by Buddhism " in Xi-Yi Lin's "Verbal Interpretation" of Zhuang Zi

Abstracts


宋.林希逸與佛教關係深遠,其《莊子口義》富贍禪趣,除徵引佛學術語、佛教經典外,尤其大量應用「禪宗語錄」、「禪語」解莊,為歷代「以禪解莊」代表作之一。該書援引「禪宗語錄」註解的有二十多處,另引用簡要之「禪語」以點化、會通莊、禪者亦有數處。其「以禪解莊」之內涵,有時與「莊義」相合,有時是把「莊義」推擴至另一層面。歸結其內容,主要將莊、禪之「修行過程」或「修行境界」進行「類比」。莊、禪有相近的義理結構,林氏《莊子口義》「以禪解莊」便是在這一基礎上運作、成就,而該書也體現著中國傳統文人取資老莊玄學以觀察禪宗思想的現象。

Parallel abstracts


Xi-Yi Lin of Song Dynasty had established profound relationship with Buddhism. His work, ”Verbal Interpretation of Zhuang Zi's Sayings at His Study” is full of Buddhist meanings and fun. Apart from employing the Buddhist terms and scriptures, Lin especially applies ”Quotations from Zen” and ”Buddhist Talks” extensively. His work becomes one of the representatives ”Interpretations of Zhuang Zi's Sayings by Buddhism” all through various dynasties. Lin refers to more than 20 footnotes of ”Quotations from Zen.” He uses simplified ”language of Zen” to point out and make clear the vague parts of Zhuang Zi's sayings for several times. Sometimes the internal meanings in the ”Interpretation of Zhuang Zi's Sayings” match ”Zhuang Zi's Implications,” and sometimes he promotes ”Zhuang Zi's Implications” to another level. Summarizing the contents, he mainly makes an ”analogy” between the ”process of practicing” and the ”realm of practicing” of Zhuang Zi's metaphysics and Zen's Buddhism. There are similar implications and rational structures between the sayings of Zhuan Zi and Zen. ”Interpretation of Zhuang Zi's Sayings by Buddhism” is just silently operating the task on this foundation. And Xi-Yi Lin's work of ”Verbal Interpretation of Zhuang Zi's Sayings at His Study” is also one of the evidences of the skilful Chinese traditional scholars' being good at observing the thoughts of Zen from the angle of Zhuang Zi's metaphysics.

References


後秦.羅什譯:《佛遺教經》(《大正藏》第12冊)
北涼.曇無讖譯:《大般涅槃經》(《大正藏》第12冊)
(1983)。四庫全書。台北:商務。
宋.志磐:《佛祖統紀》(《大正藏》第49冊)
宋.道原纂:《景德傳燈錄》(《大正藏》第51冊)

Cited by


陳怡燕(2009)。林希逸《莊子口義》思想研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315154562
劉芷瑋(2017)。蘇軾莊子學的美學工夫論〔博士論文,國立清華大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0016-0401201815541074

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