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十週水中有氧訓練對女性老年人功能性體適能之影響

The Effect of 10-week Aquatic Exercise Training on Functional Fitness Tests in Elder Women

Abstracts


Purpose: This study was to investigate the effect of 10-week aquatic exercise training on functional fitness of elder women. Method: There were 35 women (average age, weight and height were 67.91±5.31 yr, 58.94±8.37 kg and 153.61±4.73 cm, respectively) were recruited as subjects to participate in a 10 week aquatic exercise. The subjects received 3 days per week, 55-60 min each session, with intensity of 40 to 85%HRR. All subjects were tested pre- and post-training in functional fitness, including chair stand (17.57±3.48 vs. 22.40±5.09), arm curl (22.71±4.00 vs. 26.83±4.97), 6-minute walk (510.30±106.05 vs. 595.80±57.82), 2-min step (110.43±9.46 vs. 127.94±12.56), chair sit-and-reach (7.16±9.64 vs. 10.94±8.66), back scratch (1.32±6.50 vs. 2.69±9.46) and 8-foot up-and go test (6.33±1.14 vs. 5.00±0.60). The dependent t test was used to analyze the data. The significant level was set at .05. Results: The improvements of all the functional fitness tests were significant, except for the back scratch test. Conclusion: The results indicated that 10-weeks aquatic exercise significantly increase the functional fitness level in elder women and especially improve on upper- and lower-body strength, aerobic endurance, lower-body flexibility, agility and dynamic balance.

Parallel abstracts


Purpose: This study was to investigate the effect of 10-week aquatic exercise training on functional fitness of elder women. Method: There were 35 women (average age, weight and height were 67.91±5.31 yr, 58.94±8.37 kg and 153.61±4.73 cm, respectively) were recruited as subjects to participate in a 10 week aquatic exercise. The subjects received 3 days per week, 55-60 min each session, with intensity of 40 to 85%HRR. All subjects were tested pre- and post-training in functional fitness, including chair stand (17.57±3.48 vs. 22.40±5.09), arm curl (22.71±4.00 vs. 26.83±4.97), 6-minute walk (510.30±106.05 vs. 595.80±57.82), 2-min step (110.43±9.46 vs. 127.94±12.56), chair sit-and-reach (7.16±9.64 vs. 10.94±8.66), back scratch (1.32±6.50 vs. 2.69±9.46) and 8-foot up-and go test (6.33±1.14 vs. 5.00±0.60). The dependent t test was used to analyze the data. The significant level was set at .05. Results: The improvements of all the functional fitness tests were significant, except for the back scratch test. Conclusion: The results indicated that 10-weeks aquatic exercise significantly increase the functional fitness level in elder women and especially improve on upper- and lower-body strength, aerobic endurance, lower-body flexibility, agility and dynamic balance.

References


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中華民國統計月報
李世國(2004)。有無規律慢跑運動中老年人平衡能力與下肢肌力之比較研究(碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學。
呂美玲(2003)。老年人健康狀況、身體活動與功能性體適能相關之探討(碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學。
林曼蕙(2003)。水中有氧運動對高齡女性體適能之影響。台北市:師大書苑。

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王立亭、林彥程、何信弘、余義箴、張少熙(2021)。使用「90活力站」運動APP對中高齡功能性體適能之效益大專體育學刊23(2),165-182。https://doi.org/10.5297/ser.202106_23(2).0005
李惠玲(2011)。參與健身運動課程對身體活動行為改變之影響〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315222685

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