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圓測《解深密經疏》之性質與體例析論-以與傳統儒家經疏對照為中心

An Analysis of the Nature and Style of Yuan Ce's Commentary on samdhinirmocana sūtra : With a Focus on its Contrast to Traditional Confucian Commentaries of Classics

Abstracts


《解深密經》是唯識學派的根本經典,屬於大乘佛教重要經論,西元第五世紀上半,已有部分內容傳至中國。唐新羅僧人圓測法師言:「然此略經,梵本唯一,隨譯者異,乃成四部。」此四種流傳中土的譯本,以唐玄奘法師所譯最為完善。有關《解深密經》的注疏,見諸目錄雖多,今則僅存圓測法師所撰的《解深密經疏》。以往學者對圓測《解深密經疏》已多有討論,或考究版本,或探微思想,或析論其人與玄奘法師、窺基法師之間的關係。本文擬以對傳統儒家經疏的瞭解為基礎,進而探討圓測《解深密經疏》之性質與體例。全文分為以下五節:一、前言。二、圓測之生平。三、傳統儒家經疏之性質與體例簡述。四、由傳統儒家經疏析論圓測《解深密經疏》之性質與體例。五、結論。希冀經由本文的探討,對圓測此《疏》能有另一角度的認識。

Parallel abstracts


Saṃdhinirmocana sūtra is the fundamental classic of the vijnaptimatrata school. It serves as an important work of Mahayana Buddhism. In the first half of the fifth century, part of its content has been introduced to China. Silla monk Yuan Ce of the Tang Dynasty stated, "This brief work was written in Sanskrit only; however, four different versions were generated by different translators." Among these four translations circulated in China, the most complete version is done by Master Xuanzhuan of the Tang Dynasty. Although there used to be various commentaries and notes on the Saṃdhinirmocana sūtra, only the one written by Yuan Ce remains. Much scholarly discussions have been made about Yuan Ce's Commentary, its various versions, its inherent philosophy, or even the relationship among the three masters: Yuan Ce, Xuanzhuan and Kui Ji. However, this essay intends to explore the nature and style of Yuan Ce's Commentary on Saṃdhinirmocana sūtra based on the understanding of Confucian commentaries of classics. Hence, this essay is divided into the following five sections: I) introduction, II) review of the life of Yuan Ce, III) brief description of the nature and style of traditional Confucian commentaries of classics, IV) the nature and style of Yuan Ce's Commentary on Saṃdhinirmocana sūtra analyzed from the perspective of traditional Confucian commentaries of classics, V) Conclusion. The author hopes that the discussion done here would help readers to gain a different understanding of Yuan Ce's Commentaries.

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