透過您的圖書館登入
IP:3.239.9.151
  • Theses

西非稻米政策與糧食安全:在全球和開放經濟情況下的訓示與挑戰

Rice Policy and Food Security in West Africa: Lessons and Challenges within Global and Open Economy Context

Advisor : 張靜貞

Abstracts


Parallel abstracts


The general objective of this study is to measure the relative magnitude of effect of the key economic factors affecting West African rice producers’ planting decisions. Factors that are responsive to yield and trade liberalization effect on consumers and producer decisions are identified and estimated by using an econometric model of the demand and supply to rice in West Africa. The results suggest that area planted to rice in West Africa is more responsive to changes in area planted in previous years than to changes in producers’ prices of rice. It is also found that many West African countries have the potential to increase productivity through increasing yield per hectare and that low import price of rice continue to underpin rice import at the expense of domestic production. An important implication of the study is that policies to reduce yield gap could do more to enhance the production of rice in West Africa, which will also ensure food security in West African countries in the long run.

References


Dalton, T.J. and Guei, R.G., 2003. “Productivity Gains from Rice Genetic Enchancements in West Africa: countries and Ecologies”. World Development Journal, Vol.31, No.2, pp359-347.
Food and Agricultural Development (FAO), 2012. FAOSTAT. Available at http://www.fao.org.
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, September 2011. Available at http://www.imf.org.
Sally, H. and Abernethy, C.L. (eds.). 2002. Private Irrigation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Pretoria, IWMI/FAO/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTI).
Seck, P.A., E. Tollens , C.S.Marco, A. Diagne and I. Bamba, 2010. “Rising trends and variability of rice prices: Threats and opportunities for sub-Saharan Africa”. Food Policy 35, 403–411.

Read-around