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台北市八十學年度國中新生的肥胖盛行調查-不同篩選指標的比較

The Prevalence of Obesity in the Seventh Graders in Taipei City, 1991: A Comparison of Various Body Screening Indices

Abstracts


肥胖是導致許多慢性病的危險因子,影響健康甚鉅。為瞭解肥胖在青少年中盛行的情形,並比較各類體型指數用來篩選肥胖的結果,以台北市立國民中學八十學年度全體新生共47,173名樣本中,進行系統集束抽樣調查。1174名樣本中,有1168人填答問卷,同時接受身高、體重、和皮脂厚度測量。結果發現,採用「皮脂厚度的第八十五百分位值」、「體質指數的第八十五百分位值」、及「超出平約體重20%」等三個肥胖標準,篩選出來的肥胖盛行率,在男生方面為15.0-17.3%:在女生方面則介於14.8%至15.6%之間。各類體型指標之間的相關值達到0.66至0.98之間:同時篩選出肥胖者的一致率達89.3%至93.5%之間。青少年的體型常模宜建立並定期更新;各國民中學可就各校學生的身高和體重資料,按分佈情形篩選肥胖生,以便及早實施體重控制教學計畫。

Keywords

肥胖 盛行率 肥胖指標 青少年

Parallel abstracts


Obesity poses a significant risk factor of chronic disease for individual’s health. In order to understand the prevalence of obesity in adolescents, and compare the results using various methods for estimating body composition, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 1991. A systematic sampling procedure by cluster was employed. 1168 subjects were selected from Taipei City Junior High Schools which included 47,173 seventh graders. The subjects were asked to complete a set of questionnaires. A measurement of height, weight, and skinfolds was also administered. When a skinfold exceeding the 85th percentile, a BMI exceeding the 85th percentile, and a weight more than 20% of average weight were adopted as criteria, the prevalence rates of obesity were 15.0-17.3% for males and 14.8-15.6% for females. The correlation coefficients of 0.66 to 0.98 between indices were found. The concordance rates for screening obesity by different indices were 89.3% to 93.5%. It is expected to establish adolescent body composition norms periodically. A distribution of body composition index can be developed using the height and weight data of students in each school. Based on the distribution, the obeses will be selected. It suggests to provide a weight control program in school as soon as possible.

Parallel keywords

obesity prevalence rate obesity index adolescence

Cited by


黃獻樑(2009)。青少年期身體質量指數對成年期肥胖的相關性研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2009.01815
陳建今(2008)。台北市與新竹縣七年級學生的體重關注與相關行為之關係〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2008.00874
洪聖惠(2006)。減重數位學習系統對肥胖國中生減重成效之探討〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2006.00851
劉欣怡(2003)。雙親工作時間與國小五年級學童體重過重及肥胖之關係〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2003.10008
孟儀華(2002)。「運動─飲食行為控制策略」對肥胖智障學生減重成效之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-2603200719131678

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