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臺灣宗教界對於「多元成家」與「同性婚姻」議題的立場與論述解析

An Analysis of Taiwanese Religious Communities' Positions on and Discussions of the Question of Diverse Families (duoyuan chengjia 多元成家) and Same-Sex Marriage

Abstracts


臺灣的同志運動(以下簡稱「同運」),具有亞洲同性戀者的「燈塔」地位。但「宗教」在此一議題上,具有舉足輕重的力量。臺灣同運團體於2012年推出了三項草案:婚姻平權(含同性婚姻)草案、伴侶制度草案、家屬制度草案,這三項草案呈現了臺灣多元發展的同運光譜,從溫和派的「同性婚姻」、稍基進的「伴侶制度」,到極基進的「毀家廢婚」。個中歧見,不免相互抵銷了原已屈居弱勢的同運能量。臺灣同志運動與部分宗教團體之間,近三年來在「多元成家」與「同性婚姻」議題上,產生了強烈的爭執,此中反同運最具代表性的是守護幸福家庭行動聯盟,其成員結構以基督宗教教友為主。本文依其爭議焦點以進行跨宗教的交互參照與現象解析,進以探討臺灣宗教界回應俗世「多元性別」價值觀與相關政策主張時,相關論述與行動所產生的張力、阻力與助力。

Parallel abstracts


The Taiwanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (henceforth LGBT) movements have been a beacon for the gay rights movement in Asia, but religion has also played a decisive role in this issue. The Taiwanese LGBT rights groups proposed three bills in 2012: Equal Rights Marriage (hunyin pingquan 婚姻平權) bill, that includes same-sex marriage; a Civil Partnership system (banlü zhidu 伴侶制度) bill; and a: Household Institution (jiashu zhidu 家屬制度) bill. These three represent the diverse spectrum of LGBT development in Taiwan, from the moderate position of same sex marriage, to the slightly radical civil partnership system, to the most extreme movement "destroy the family, and discard marriage" (huijia feihun 毀家廢婚). The disparities among them have unavoidably mutually neutralized the LGBT campaign's already inferior and weak capabilities. For the last three years, the relationship between LGBT campaigns and some of the religious groups in Taiwan has engendered intense disputes regarding the question of diverse families and same-sex marriage. The most representative case of an opposed movement is the Christian-based Happy Family Protection Action Alliance (Shouhu xingfu jiating xingdong lianmeng 守護幸福家庭行動聯盟). This article takes this dispute as the focal point in order to conduct a multi-religious cross-reference and analysis of relevant circumstances, and thereby explore the related discussions and all the tensions, oppositions, and assistance created when Taiwanese religious communities respond to multi-gendered secular value systems and advocate for related policies.

References


〈反伴侶盟多元成家宗教人士組聯盟〉,社團法人臺灣伴侶權益推動聯盟,2013年9月9日,https://www.facebook.com/tapcpr/posts/10151598100085965,2015年6月2日讀取。
〈反伴侶盟多元成家宗教人士組聯盟〉,聯合新聞網,2013年9月8日,http://udn.com/NEWS/BREAKINGNEWS/BREAKINGNEWS1/8149369.shtml#ixzz2eGP2wAPH,2013年9月8日讀取。
〈臺灣宗教界發動連署反對同性婚姻立法〉,天亞社中文網,2013年9月19日,http://china.ucanews.com/2013/09/19/臺灣宗教界發動連署反對同性婚姻立法/,2015年6月2日讀取。
〈伴侶盟參與法務部「同性伴侶法制化意見交流座談會」發言稿〉,2013年10月14日,https://tapcpr.wordpress.com/page/43/?hc_location=ufi。
The New York Times, 2012: THE YEAR IN PICTURES, http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/12/30/sunday-review/2012-year-in-pictures.html?_r=0#/?slide=44,2015年6月2日讀取。

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