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不同成人依附型態大學生在網路成癮傾向上之差異

Internet Addiction among College Students with Adult Attachment Styles

Abstracts


本研究旨在探討不同依附型態大學生在網路成癮傾向上之差異,並驗證「焦慮型與懼怕型有較高之網路成癮傾向」之假設。將南區大專校院依照分層叢集抽樣,抽出樣本數共5,137人,以團體施測方式進行;實際回收4,456份資料(86.74%);有效資料4,425份(86.14%)。以中文版人際關係問卷測量依附型態,而以中文版網路成癮量表修訂版測量網路成癮傾向的程度。結果顯示與安全型相比,焦慮型與懼怕型在強迫性上網、網路成癮戒斷反應、網路成癮耐受性等分量表以及網路成癮總量表上得分較高;但疏離型與安全型無差異。另外,若與疏離型相比,焦慮型仍有較高之網路成癮總分、戒斷反應以及耐受性得分。本研究發現焦慮型與懼怕型均有較高之網路成癮傾向,支持本研究假設。

Parallel abstracts


This study was designed to examine the Internet addiction in college students with secure, preoccupied, fearful and dismissing attachment styles. Five thousand one hundred and thirty seven students were sampled from the universities or colleges in Southern Taiwan as subjects. A total of four thousand four hundred fifty six students participated in the study. The final valid sample was 4425, and its response rate was 86.14%. The Relationship Questionnaire and the Chinese Internet Addiction Scale were used to assess the attachment styles and the levels of Internet addiction. The results showed that, compared to the students with secure attachment, those with preoccupied and fearful attachment styles scored higher on the scale of Internet addiction as well as on the subscales of tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive use. However, the students with dismissing attachment style did not differ from those with secure attachment style on those addiction indexes. Moreover, the students with preoccupied attachment even scored higher in the scale of Internet addiction and the subscales of withdrawal and tolerance than those with dismissing attachment style. Our findings supported that the students with preoccupied or fearful attachment style had increased scores of Internet addiction while those with dismissing attachment style did not.

References


徐西森、連廷嘉(2001)。大專學生網路沉迷行為及其路徑模式之驗證研究。中華輔導學報。10,119-149。
陳淑惠(2003)。中文網路成癮量表之編製與心理計量特性研究。中華心理學刊。45(3),167-178。
Ainsworth, M. D.,Blehr M. C.,Waters E. W.(1978).Patterns of attachment: Observations in the strange situation and at home.Hillsdale:Erlbaum.
Internet use among college student: An exploratory study
Bartholomew, K.,Horowitz, L.M.(1991).Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four-category model.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.61(2),226-244.

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黃靜宜(2007)。青少年依附關係、父母教養方式與其異性交往態度之關係〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-2910200810542913
陳昭婧(2008)。大學生依附風格及其穩定性狀態、自我效能與生活困擾之關係研究 --以某一技職院校大學生為例〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-0804200910330312

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