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「零至六歲嬰幼兒語言發展家長問卷」之編製

Inventory of Language Development for 0-6 Years Old Children: A Parental Questionnaire

Abstracts


本研究之目的在編製適用於評估零至六歲嬰幼兒語言能力發展的家長問卷,以了解嬰幼兒語言的發展和變化。問卷包括0~2歲和2~6歲兩個版本:0~2歲版問卷評估的能力涵蓋前語言期溝通、語言理解、語言表達和讀寫萌發之能力;2~6歲版問卷則涵蓋語言理解、語言表達和讀寫萌發之能力。本問卷研發歷程包括初試、預試和正式研究三個階段。正式施測的研究對象為新北市463名0~6歲幼兒,蒐集家長填寫的問卷資料,並採用「嬰幼兒綜合發展測驗」評估158名幼兒的語言發展。研究結果發現,本問卷的內部一致性信度均大於0.9,再測信度結果均大於0.8,顯示本問卷具有相當良好的內部一致性與再測穩定度。此外,驗證性因素分析(因素負荷量大於0.5,整體模式符合度大致良好)、效標關聯效度(相關係數0.61~0.82)檢驗和區辨分析結果得知,本問卷具有相當良好的建構效度、同時效度和區辨效度。結果顯示以家長問卷的方式,能對學前幼兒的語言發展狀況提供正確且可信賴之評估結果。

Parallel abstracts


This study aims to develop Inventory of Language Development for 0-6 Years Old Children (ILD), a parental report that can be used to assess the growth and change of language proficiency in children aged between 0 and 6 years old. Two versions of inventories were developed: a 0-2 years old version and a 2-6 years old version. The 0-2 years old inventory covers questions about pre-linguistic communication, language comprehension, language expression and emergent literacy, whereas the 2-6 years old inventory covers questions about language comprehension, language expression and emergent literacy. The procedure of developing the questionnaire includes three stages: preliminary test, pilot test, and formal study. In the formal study, 463 children aged from 0-6 were recruited from New Taipei City. The children's parents were asked to fill out the questionnaires and 158 children's language abilities were assessed using the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers. Results showed that the internal consistency reliability and retest reliability of the questionnaires were larger than 0.9 and 0.8 respectively, showing that the questionnaires had fairly good internal reliability and were quite stable in measuring children’s language development. In addition, the confirmatory factor analysis (factor loading > 0.5), the correlation validity test (r = 0.61-0.82) and the discriminant analysis all indicated that the inventory had fairly good construct validity, criterion-related validity and discriminant validity. These results suggest that ILD provides correct and reliable assessment of language proficiency in children aged from 0-6 years old.

References


黃瑞珍、簡欣瑜、朱麗璇、盧璐(2011)。華語兒童理解與表達詞彙測驗(第二版)。臺北市:心理。
劉惠美、張鑑如(2011)。口語和閱讀關連性研究之文獻回顧與展望。教育心理學報,43閱讀專刊,251-268。
劉惠美、曹峰銘(2010)。華語嬰幼兒溝通發展量表。臺北市:心理。
錡寶香(2009)。兒童語言與溝通發展。臺北市:心理。
王天苗、蘇建文、廖華芳、林麗英、鄒國森、林世華(2004)。嬰幼兒綜合發展測驗編製報告。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育中心。

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