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臺北市國中生課業壓力與休閒需求之相關研究

The Study of the Relationship between Academic Stress and Leisure Needs among Junior High School in Taipei City

Abstracts


本研究旨在探討不同背景變項的國中生課業壓力與休閒需求之差異情形,以及國中生課業壓力與休閒需求之相關情形。本研究樣本的選取係以臺北市的國中生爲研究對象,採分層隨機叢集抽樣方式進行問卷調查及蒐集相關資訊。本研究共計發出問卷1440份,有效問卷1181份,有效問卷回收率爲98.2%。根據所得資料,針對研究問題採用描述性統計分析、t考驗、單因子變異數分析、典型相關等統計方式進行資料處理。研究結果發現:不同性別、年級、父母課業要求、教師課業要求之國中生,在課業壓力與休閒需求上分別有顯著差異,課業壓力與休閒需求之間均有顯著的相關。最後,本研究依據研究結果提出建議。

Keywords

課業壓力 休閒需求

Parallel abstracts


The purpose of this study was to investigate: (1) the differences on academic stress and leisure needs with different demographic variables. (2) the relationship between academic stress and leisure needs. Stratified random sampling and cluster sampling were adopted to collect questionnaires and related information from the Junior High schools in Taipei City. 1440 questionnaires were delivered, and 1181 valid questionnaires were retrieved. Descriptive statistics analysis, T-test, one-way analysis of variance, Canonical correlation analysis and some related statistic data conducting methods were applied to analyze the data. The results were as follows: 1. There were significant differences on academic stress and leisure needs with different gender, grade, parent and instructor's expectations for leisure activity, times for leisure activities and categories of leisure activity. 2. There was a significant correlation between academic stress and leisure needs. Based on the findings of this study, suggestions for actual education settings and future directions were provided.

Parallel keywords

academic stress leisure need

References


張孝銘、高俊雄(2001)。休閒需求與休閒阻礙間之相關研究-以彰化市居民爲實證。體育學報。30,143-152。
Driver, B. L.(1989).Applied leisure research: Benefits to scientists and practitioners and their respective roles.United States:Venture.
Greening, L.,Dollinger, S. J.(1993).Rural adolescents perceived personal risks for suicide.Journal of Youth and Adolescence.22,211-217.
Iwasaki, Y.,Zuzanek, J.,Mannell, R. C.(2001).The effects of physically active leisure on stress-health relationships.Canadian Journal of Public Health-Revue Comedienne de Santa Purlieu.92(3),214-218.
Kabanoff, B.,O''Brien, G. E.(1980).Work and leisure: A task attributes analysis.Journal of Applied Psychology.65,596-609.

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黃威樺(2015)。高中生運動社團參與動機、升學壓力與課業延宕關係之研究〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2015.00834
黃景立(2011)。國中生課業壓力、自我概念、學業復原力與學業成就之關係〔碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6346/NPUST.2011.00089
廖焜福、孫美蓮、張家銘、李東潾(2018)。國中生休閒參與動機、休閒效益、課業壓力與學業成就之關係研究運動休閒管理學報15(3),18-31。https://doi.org/10.6214/JSRM.201809_15(3).0002
黃湘玲(2009)。臺北市國中生課業壓力、五大人格特質與情緒性飲食之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315150607
吳常榮(2010)。國中學生電子運動遊戲涉入,流暢體驗與課業壓力之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315190344

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