Redescription of Tintinnopsis parvula Jörgensen, 1912 (Ciliophora: Spirotrichea: Tintinnina), Including a Novel Lorica Matrix
Biogeography ； ciliary pattern ； ciliate ； lorica ultrastructure ； morphology ； neotypification ； taxonomy ； tintinnid
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
49卷3期（2010 / 09 / 01）
213 - 234
Tintinnopsis parvula Jörgensen, 1912 has apparently a cosmopolitan distribution in the pelagial of marine and brackish coastal waters. The species is redescribed based on material from the Irish Sea off the Isle of Man, using live observation, protargol impregnation, and scanning electron microscopy. The agglomerated and stiff lorica measures 38-60×24-31 μm and is composed of a usually broadly obovate bowl and a slightly narrowed cylindroidal collar with an inner diameter of ~20 μm. The somatic ciliary pattern is of the most complex type, viz., it comprises a ventral, dorsal, and posterior kinety as well as a right, left, and lateral ciliary field. The left ciliary field comprises four kineties, the lateral field about ten kineties, and the right field five kineties. The oral primordium develops apparently apokinetally posterior to the lateral ciliary field and generates ~15 collar membranelles and one buccal membranelle. Two further populations were studied: one from the North Sea off the Island of Sylt, the other from brackish polder basins at the German North Sea coast; they match the Irish Sea specimens in all main features. The loricae formed in almost particle-free cultures have a thin wall composed of an irregular network of fibres and very few attached or interwoven particles. This matrix type differs from the other three types found in congeners. Hence, the matrix ultrastructure might represent a promising feature for a reliable subdivision of the species-rich genus Tintinnopsis Stein, 1867 in the future.