Energy and Carbon Embodied in the Exports of Taiwan: An Input-Output Structural Decomposition Analysis

Translated Titles





林師模(Shih-Mo Lin);張雅棠(Ya-Tang Chang);林晉勗(Jin-Xu Lin)

Key Words

embodied carbon ; input-output ; structural decomposition analysis ; carbon tax ; 碳隱含量 ; 投入產出 ; 結構分解分析 ; 能源稅



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

46卷1期(2018 / 03 / 01)

Page #

1 - 46

Content Language


Chinese Abstract

This paper computes the energy and carbon intensities of the Taiwanese economy in 1996, 2001 and 2006 to figure out the changes in energy and carbon embodied in products and exports and the contributing factors. We use structural decomposition analysis to find the relative contribution of five factors causing the changes in the energy and carbon embodied in exports. From 1996 to 2001, the changes in the direct energy efficiency, the structure of intermediate inputs and the structure of exports were the most important factors contributing to the changes of energy and carbon embodied in Taiwan's exports. Between 2001 and 2006, the structure of exports has been the most important factor causing the changes. This paper also explores whether energy policy could have effectively reduced the energy and carbon embodied in Taiwan’s exports. Our results show imposing a carbon tax on using fossil fuels would have decreased the carbon embodied in exports only moderately from 1996 to 2001. However, the carbon embodied in exports would have decreased significantly from 2001 to 2006 after taxation, implying that a carbon tax would have been a more effective policy in the latter period.

English Abstract


Topic Category 社會科學 > 經濟學
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