Title

省籍通婚與中國人、台灣人認同-家庭成員影響力的變化

Translated Titles

Intersubethnic Marriage and National Identity: The Changing Role of Family Members

DOI

10.6229/CPSR.2010.50.02

Authors

吳親恩(Chin-En Wu);林政楠(Cheng-Nan Lin)

Key Words

台灣人與中國人認同 ; 性別差異 ; 省籍 ; 族群通婚 ; gender gap ; intersubethnic marriage ; national identity ; subethnicity

PublicationName

政治學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

50期(2010 / 12 / 01)

Page #

41 - 82

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文觀察不同省籍婚姻組合對民眾在台灣人、中國人認同的影響。結果發現1992~2008年之間,不同婚姻組合在認同上存在明顯差異,並在跨年度研究中出現幾個趨勢。首先,整體民眾的認同往台灣人的方向移動;其次,本省選民與外省選民在認同上各自在光譜上出現新的均衡,本省選民中有過半數認為自己是台灣人,接著才是台灣人與中國人兩者皆是,外省選民中有近七成認為自己同時是台灣人也是中國人;最後,不同省籍婚姻組合認同的差距減少。除此之外,本文也觀察家庭成員省籍個別的影響,在父母親對子女的影響方面,父親省籍所造成的影響普通高於母親,且不論母親的省籍,父親省籍的影響都是顯著的,不過當母親為外省籍時,父親的影響更是明顯;另一方面,當父親為外省籍時,母親省籍對選民認同的影響與時俱增,與父親影響的差距逐漸縮減,而當父親為本省籍時,母親的影響並不顯著。在夫妻互相影響方面,當受訪者是本省籍時,配偶省籍有顯著影響,其中,先生省籍的影響力普遍高於妻子,不過近年來妻子省籍影響力已逐漸增加,並與先生相當;而當受訪者是外省籍時,配偶省籍則未出現顯著的作用。

English Abstract

By dividing respondents into various subtypes according their parents and spouses' subethnicity, this paper observes the role inter-ethnic marriages play in shaping family members ' Taiwanese-Chinese identity between 1992 and 2008 Although an increasing number of people identify themselves as Taiwanese, there are still a significant portion of citizens who still embrace the Chinese identity or dual identity. The identify difference begins to shrink in recent years. We then compare the gender gap in influencing family members ' identities. Although fathers and husbands traditionally play a greater role in attitude formation, mothers' and wives' impacts significantly increase in recent years Finally, we demonstrate that family members' effects are conditional not only on gender and but also on the subethnicity and their spouses' subethnicity. Among parents' influence, both father and mother exert greater effect when their spouses are Mainlanders. In contrast, among married couples, spouses exert greater effect when the respondents are Taiwanese. Socioeconomic and network inequality among gender and ethnic groups contribute to the uneven influence of family members.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 政治學
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