Title

2×2目標取向與希望對大專運動員競賽壓力因應策略之預測

Translated Titles

The Prediction of 2×2 Goal Orientations and Hope on Stress Coping Strategies among College Athletes

DOI

10.6222/pej.4204.200912.0706

Authors

陳建瑋(Chien-Wei Chen);季力康(Li-Kang Chi)

Key Words

成就目標理論 ; 路徑思考 ; 效能思考 ; 壓制效果 ; achievement goal theory ; pathway thinking ; agency thinking ; suppression effect

PublicationName

體育學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

42卷4期(2009 / 12 / 01)

Page #

71 - 86

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

目的:探討2×2目標取向、希望與壓力因應策略之間的關係,以及探討2×2目標取向、希望對壓力因應策略之預測情形。方法:以北部大學之甲組競技運動員192名(男生135名,女生57名),平均年齡爲20.5歲,標準差爲2.1,專項運動的訓練時間平均爲8.4年,標準差爲3.0。請參與者在非競賽情境下填寫2×2目標取向、希望與壓力因應策略等問卷。結果:一、兩種趨近的目標取向與因應策略有較高的相關,精熟-趨近目標與問題焦點因應策略、情緒焦點因應策略有顯著正相關,但與逃避則沒有顯著相關;表現-趨近目標與希望則皆與三種因應策略有顯著正相關。二、希望、2×2目標取向可以顯著預測壓力因應策略,在預測問題焦點與情緒焦點的因應策略上希望的預測力較強,但要注意迴歸分析中的壓制效果。結論:2×2目標取向、希望與壓力因應策略之間具有很高的關聯性,未來應繼續探討2×2目標取向與希望之間的關係或是以希望理論探討運動領域中的其他變項。

English Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the relationships between 2×2 goal orientations, hope and stress coping strategies as well as the predictions of 2×2 goal orientations and hope on stress coping strategies. Methods: The participants were 192 college athletes (135 males, 57females) recruited from several colleges in north Taiwan. Average age was 20.46 years, SD was 2.10, average training time was 8.4 years, SD was 2.96. Let them write a battery of scales included 2×2 goal orientations, hope and stress coping strategies in non-competition situation. Results: First, two approach goals had higher correlations with coping strategies. mastery-approach goal was positively correlated with problem-focused strategy and emotional-focused strategy, but had no correlation with avoidance strategy. Performance-approach goal and hope were positively correlated with three types of coping strategies. Second, hope and 2×2 goal orientations were effectively predictors of stress coping strategies, and hope was stronger predictor of problem-focused strategy and emotional-focused strategy, but the suppression effect in regression analysis was noteworthy. Conclusion: There are high connections between 2×2 goal orientations, hope and stress coping strategies, we should keep on examining the relationship between 2×2 goal orientations and hope or examining other variations in sport field based on hope theory.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
Reference
  1. 李炯煌、季力康、江衍宏(2005)。2×2成就目標和能力知覺對運動動機之預測。臺灣運動心理學報,6,31-54。
    連結:
  2. 李炯煌、季力康、江衍宏(2005)。2×2運動成就目標之建構效度。大專體育學刊,7(4),61-70。
    連結:
  3. 黃尉財(2003)。共同因素分析與主成分分析之比較。彰化師大輔導學報,25,63-86。
    連結:
  4. Ames, C.,Archer, J.(1988).Achievement goals in the classroom: Students learning strategies and motivation processes.Journal of Educational Psychology,80(3),260-267.
  5. Carver, C. S.,Scheier, M. E.,Weintraub, J. K.(1989).Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,56(2),267-283.
  6. Chi, L.,Lin, C.,Hung, C.,Liu, C.(2002).The relationships of goal orientation, perceived motivational climate, and perceived ability to cooping strategies among elite soccer players.Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity,Baltimore, MD.:
  7. Conroy, D. E.,Elliot, A. J.,Hofer, S. M.(2003).A 2×2 achievement goals questionnaire for sport: Evidence for factorial invariance, temporal stability, and external validity.Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,25(4),456-476.
  8. Curry, L. A.,Snyder, C. R. (Ed.)(2000).Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications.San Diego, CA:Academic Press.
  9. Curry, L. A.,Snyder, C. R.,Cook, D. L.,Ruby, B. C.,Rehm, M.(1997).Role of hope in academic and sport achievement.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,73(6),1257-1267.
  10. Duda, J. L.(1989).The relationship between task and ego orientation and the perceived purpose of sport among high school athletes.Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,11(3),318-335.
  11. Duda, J. L.,Newton, M.,Chi, L.(1990).The relationship of task and ego orientations and expectations on multidimensional state anxiety.Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity,TX.:
  12. Dweck, C. S.(1986).Motivational processes affecting learning.American Psychologist,41(10),1040-1048.
  13. Elliot, A.(1994).Madison,University of Wisconsin.
  14. Elliot, A. J.(1999).Approach and avoidance motivation and achievement goals.Educational Psychologist,34(1),168-189.
  15. Elliot, A. J.,McGregor, H. A.(2001).A 2×2 achievement goal framework.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,80(3),505-519.
  16. Forsythe, C. J.,Compas, B. E.(1987).Interaction of cognitive appraisals of stressful events and coping: Testing the goodness of fit hypothesis.Cognitive Therapy and Research,11(4),473-485.
  17. Gano-Overway, L. A.(1995).Indiana,Purdue University, West Lafayette.
  18. Hom, H.,Duda, J.,Miller, A.(1993).Correlates of goal orientations among young athletes.Pediatric Exercise Science,5(2),168-176.
  19. Horst, P.(1941).The role of the predictor variables which are independent of the criterion.Social Science Research Council,48(4),431-436.
  20. Lazarus, R. S.,Folkman, R. S.(1984).Stress, appraisal and coping.New York:Springer.
  21. Nicholls, J. G.(1989).The competitive ethos and democratic education.Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press.
  22. Pargman, D.(1986).Stress and motor performance: Understanding and coping.Ithaca, NY:Movement.
  23. Smith, R. E.,C. Nadeau (Eds.),W. Halliwell (Eds.),K. Newell (Eds.),G. Roberts (Eds.)(1980).Psychology of motor behavior and sport.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
  24. Snyder, C. R.,Harris, C.,Anderson, J. R.,Holleran, S. A.,Irving, L. M.,Sigmon, S. T.(1991).The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,60(4),570-585.
  25. Tabachnick, B. G.,Fidell, L. S.(2001).Using multivariate statistics.Boston:Allyn and Bacon.
  26. Tzelgov, J.,Henik, A.(1991).Supression situations in psychological research: Definitions, implications, and applications.Psychological Bulletin,109(3),524-536.
  27. White, S. A.,Zellner, S. R.(1996).The relationship between goal orientation, beliefs about the causes of sport success, and trait anxiety among high school, intercollegiate, and recreational sport participants.The Sport Psychologist,10(1),58-72.
  28. 李炯煌(2008)。博士論文(博士論文)。桃園縣,國立體育學院。
  29. 邱皓政(2006)。量化研究與統計分析。臺北市:五南。
  30. 黃英哲、季力康(1994)。運動動機氣候與自覺能力對賽前狀態焦慮和滿足感的相關研究。體育學報,18,321-332。
  31. 黃清如(2000)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。桃園縣,國立體育學院。
  32. 劉嘉倫(2004)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。桃園縣,國立體育學院。
  33. 錢靜怡(2006)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。高雄市,國立高雄師範大學。
Times Cited
  1. 彭英錡(2014)。國中教師希望感與工作壓力之關係研究—以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-176。 
  2. 蘇靖雯(2016)。希望理論融入國民中學英語補救教學之行動研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-232。 
  3. 蔡定昌(2014)。以運動心理技能為中介變項探討社會支持與情緒智力 對自我效能之影響-以南投縣高中體育班為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-94。
  4. 枋薇菁(2017)。跆拳道選手運動員認同、運動熱情與運動幸福感之相關研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-92。