Translated Titles

Methods of Qualitative Data Analysis in Physical Education and Sport Studies




高麗娟(Li-Chuan Kao);黃光獻(Kuang-Hsien Huang)

Key Words

紮根理論分析 ; 詮釋現象學分析 ; 敘說分析 ; 質性研究 ; grounded theory analysis ; interpretive phenomenological analysis ; narrative analysis ; qualitative research



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

47卷2期(2014 / 06 / 01)

Page #

159 - 177

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

This article aims to introduce methods of qualitative data analysis in physical education and sport studies. First of all, there is a short introduction to qualitative paradigm and its features in general. Then, the authors state what qualitative data, analysis and trustworthiness mean. After that, they recount three methods of analysis: grounded theory analysis, interpretive phenomenological analysis, and narrative analysis including thematic analysis, structural analysis, interactional analysis, and performative analysis. In this article, the authors not only describe the content and procedures to analyze qualitative data, but also provide with examples. These methods demonstrate their own respective features, however, their steps permeate one another in practice. On the basis of needs of the research, the researchers may choose appropriate methods to make sense of data.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
  1. 邱詩涵、高麗娟(2012)。運動研究中的質性方法學。文化體育學刊,14,1-10。
  2. 邱詩涵、蔡孟霖、高麗娟(2012)。風中戰士的獨白:短跑選手訓練之敘說探究。運動研究,21(2),73-86。
  3. 蔡敦浩、劉育忠(2010)。組織敘說:組織研究的敘說轉向。應用心理研究,47(3),21-40。
  4. Riessman, C. K. (2000). Analysis of personal narratives. Retrieved form Boston University: http://alumni.media.mit.edu/~brooks/storybiz/riessman.pdf.
  5. Albert, S.,Ashforth, B. E.,Dutton, J. E.(2000).Organizational identity and identification: Charting new waters and building new bridges.Academy of Management Review,25(1),13-17.
  6. Alvesson, M.(2000).Social identity and problem of loyalty in knowledge intensive companies.Journal of Management Studies,39(5),619-644.
  7. Andrews, D. L.,Mason, D. S.,Silk, M. S.(2005).Qualitative methods in sports studies.London, UK:Berg Publishers.
  8. Anfara, V. A., Jr.(Ed.),Mertz, N. T.(Ed.)(2006).Theoretical frameworks in qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  9. Braun, V.,Clarke, V.(2006).Using thematic analysis in psychology.Qualitative Research in Psychology,3(2),77-101.
  10. Brockmeier, J.(Ed.),Carbaugh, D.(Ed.)(2001).Narrative and identity: Autobiography, self, and culture.Philadelphia, PA:John Benjamins.
  11. Brown, A. D.(2006).A narrative approach to collective identities.Journal of Management Studies,43(4),731-753.
  12. Bruner, J.(1986).Actual minds: Possible worlds.Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press.
  13. Bruner, J.(1991).The narrative construction of reality.Critical Inquiry,18,1-21.
  14. Clandinin, D. J.,Connelly, F. M.(2000).Narrative inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research.San Francisco, CA:Jossey-Bass Inc.
  15. Cook, D. A.(1981).A history of narrative film.New York:W. W. Norton.
  16. Creswell, J. W.(1997).Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing from five traditions.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  17. Cronon, W.(1992).A place for stories: Nature, history, and narrative.Journal of American History,18(4),1347-1376.
  18. Daiute, C.(Ed.),Lightfoot, C.(Ed.)(2004).Narrative analysis: Studying the development of individuals in society.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  19. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(1994).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  20. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(1994).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  21. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(2000).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  22. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(2000).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  23. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(2005).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  24. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(2011).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  25. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(2011).Handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  26. Denzin, N. K.(Ed.),Lincoln, Y. S.(Ed.)(2011).The SAGE handbook of qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  27. Ellingson, L. L.(2009).Engaging crystallization in qualitative research: An introduction.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  28. Ely, M.(1991).Doing qualitative research: Circles within circles.London, UK:The Falmer Press.
  29. Fortune, A. E.(Ed.),Reid, W. A.(Ed.),Miller, R. L. , Jr.(Ed.)(2013).Qualitative research in social world.New York:Columbia University Press.
  30. Gee, J. P.(1991).A linguistic approach to narrative.Journal of Narrative and Life History,1,15-39.
  31. Giddens, A.(1991).Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the late modern age.Stanford, CA:Stanford University Press.
  32. Glaser, B. G.,Strauss, A. L.(1967).The discovery of grounded theory.Chicago, IL:Aldine.
  33. Goffman, E.(1981).Forms of talk.Oxford, UK:Blackwell.
  34. Goffman, E.(1969).The presentation of self in everyday life.New York:Penguin.
  35. Holstein, J. A.(Ed.),Gubrium, J. F.(Ed.)(2012).Varieties of narrative analysis.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  36. Labov, W.(1982).Speech actions and reactions in personal narrative.Analyzing discourse: Text and talk,Washington DC:
  37. Lincoln, Y. S.,Guba, E. G.(1985).Naturalistic inquiry.Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
  38. Merriam, S. B.(1988).Case study research in education: A qualitative qpproach.San Francisco, CA:Jossey-Bass Inc.
  39. Merriam, S. B.(1998).Qualitative research and case study applications in education.San Francisco, CA:Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  40. Miles, M.,Huberman, A. M.(1994).Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  41. Riessman, C. K.(1993).Narrative analysis.Newbury Park, CA:Sage.
  42. Riessman, C. K.(2005).Narrative analysis.Narrative, memory and everyday life,Huddersfield, UK:
  43. Sarbin, T. R.(Ed.)(1986).Narrative psychology: The storied nature of human conduct.New York:Praeger.
  44. Scambler, G.(Ed.),Scambler, S.(Ed.)(2010).New directions in the sociology of chronic and disabling conditions: Assaults on the lifeworld.London, UK:Palgrave.
  45. Schiffrin, D.(1996).Narrative as self-portrait: Sociolinguistic constructions of identity.Language in Society,25(2),167-203.
  46. Schwandt, T. A.(2001).Dictionary of qualitative inquiry.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  47. Sheehan, P.(Ed.)(1972).The function and nature of imagery.New York:Academic Press.
  48. Smith, B.,Allen-Collinson, J.,Phoenix, C.,Brown, D.,Sparkes, A.(2009).Dialogue, monologue, and boundary crossing with research encounters: A performative narrative analysis.International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology,7(3),341-358.
  49. Strauss, A. L.,Corbin, J. M.(1990).Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  50. Wallace, W. L.(Ed.)(1969).Sociological theory: An introduction.London, UK:Heinemann.
  51. Wertz, F. J.,Charmaz, K.,McMullen, L. M.,Josselson, R.,Anderson, R.,McSpadden, E.(2011).Five ways of doing qualitative analysis.New York:The Guilford Press.
  52. Wolcott, H. F.(1995).The art of fieldwork.Walnut Creek, CA:AltaMira Press.
  53. Wolcott, H. F.(1994).Transforming qualitative data: Description, analysis, and interpretation.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  54. 丁興祥譯、張慈宜譯、曾寶瑩譯、Smith, J. A.(2006)。質性心理學─研究方法的實務指南。臺北市:遠流。
  55. 王勇智譯、鄧明宇譯、Riessman, C. K.(2003)。敘說分析。臺北市:五南。
  56. 田哲榮譯、司徒懿譯、Silverman, D.(2010)。解析質性研究法與資料。臺北市:韋伯文化。
  57. 高淑清(2008)。質性研究的 18 堂課─首航初探之旅。高雄市:麗文文化。
  58. 高麗娟(2007)。回首來時路:運動員生命敘說之詩意結構。國民體育季刊,36(4),7-14。
  59. 梅洛龐迪(2001)。知覺現象學。北京:商務。
  60. 畢恆達(2010)。教授為什麼沒有告訴我。臺北市:小畢空間。
  61. 陳郁婷(2013)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。臺北市,臺北市立體育學院。
  62. 黃景達(2008)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。臺北市,臺北市立體育學院。
  63. 楊德睿譯、Geertz, C.(2007)。地方知識。臺北市:麥田。
  64. 劉一民(2005)。運動哲學新論。臺北市:師大書苑。
  65. 潘淑滿(2003)。質性研究:理論與應用。臺北市:心理。
  66. 潘慧玲(2003)。教育研究的取徑:概念與應用。臺北市:高等教育。
  67. 蔡敏玲、余曉雯、Clandinin, D. J.、Connelly, F. M.(2003)。敘說探究。臺北市:心理。
  68. 龔卓軍(2003)。生病詮釋現象學─從生病經驗的詮釋到醫病關係的倫理基礎。生死學研究,1,57-75。
Times Cited
  1. 姜凱心、李建興(2015)。羽球桂冠:湯仙虎的敘說研究。身體文化學報,20,99-120。
  2. 姜凱心、李建興(2016)。2009 年、2013 年東亞運中華臺北女子羽球代表隊蟬連銀牌競賽策略之研究。運動教練科學,42,11-22。
  3. 廖宗耀、林郁偉、李建興(2015)。嚆矢之志:高柳憲昭射箭軌跡之敘說。體育學報,48(3),309-322。
  4. 盧俊宏、李加耀、王亭文(2016)。少年球王的康莊大道:訓練、父母涉入與家庭之議題。體育學報,49(4),483-496。
  5. 盧譽誠、陶以哲、李建興(2017)。籃球冰火交會處─UBA 禁賽風波之反思性實踐。運動文化研究,31,125-160。
  6. 葉婉榆、胡佩怡(2018)。發展台灣工作者職場內外心理壓力強度評估表之質性訪談初步驗證。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,37(1),34-49。
  7. 鄭志富、熊道天(2018)。臺灣單項運動協會理事會治理模式之探究。體育學報,51(2),221-235。
  8. 鄭志富、蔡秀華、王豐家(2015)。運動中心女性行銷策略之個案研究。台灣體育運動管理學報,15(2),173-192。
  9. 鄭詩縈,曾文永,陳美燕(2019)。奧運啟發心世界:奧運志工服務經驗之個案研究。體育學報,52(4),503-519。
  10. 陳志一、李建興(2017)。臺灣羽球運動之地緣戰略探析。大專體育學刊,19(3),195-211。
  11. 高三福、吳怡珍、石明宗(2018)。藝術研究法在運動領域研究中的應用:以畫圖法為例。中華體育季刊,32(4),291-301。
  12. 黃桐絹(2015)。敘說分析:特技舞蹈專長學習歷程之個案研究。大專體育學刊,17(3),243-255。
  13. 黃耀宗、陳東韋(2015)。編製高中運動選手流暢狀態量表-從質性到量化。體育學報,48(1),73-92。